October 16, 2019, 09:08 | Medicine
This symptom is very unpleasant and must be eliminated.
Sometimes the head itches so much that you can't think about anything else and focus on business normally. What to do if the hair care products have not changed, the climate is the same and, fortunately, lice are not observed?
10 main causes of itchy scalp and methods of its elimination
If the skin itches unbearably for several days, you should go to a dermatologist or trichologist, who will determine the nature of the problem and select appropriate methods to eliminate the symptom. Most often, scalp itching is caused by the following reasons:
Reaction to care cosmetics
This happens when changing shampoo, balm or mask, or if you do not rinse your hair well after washing. The rash can be a reaction to the composition of the paint, which provoked an allergy. To avoid an allergic reaction when choosing a new product, you need to drip a small amount of it on the bend of the elbow and observe how the skin reacts for a few minutes.
Hairstyle < /em>
Hair that is constantly pulled into a tight ponytail, secured with a rubber band or hairpin, can provoke a feeling of tightness and itching.
Peeling can appear due to a lack of moisture in the body, the use of cosmetics with very aggressive formulas and frequent washing. To eliminate the symptom, it is necessary to drink at least 1.5 liters of ordinary clean water per day, choose shampoos with mild formulas, additionally moisturize the skin with tonic and wear a headdress suitable for the season.
Problems with hygiene
The head can also start to itch due to non-compliance with hygiene rules, as dust, residues of styling products, natural secretions accumulate on the skin and in the area of the follicles, creating a favorable environment for the reproduction of harmful bacteria. There is only one solution: wash your hair regularly with a shampoo suitable for the type of hair and scalp.
The disease is better known as dandruff and can cause an itchy feeling. In most cases, a special shampoo helps to deal with it, but if it does not provide the desired effect, you will need to undergo a course of treatment prescribed by a dermatologist.
Drug therapy< /em>
Some drugs – estrogen, sivmastine, amiodarone and others can provoke itching and cause irritation. In this case, it is advisable to review the course of treatment. Perhaps the doctor will change the dosage of the drug.
Anyone can get infected with lice. And it is difficult to examine these small parasites on your own, so if you suspect lice, you should ask a family member to check your hair. Fortunately, now there is no need to smear your head with kerosene, shave your head and resort to other radical measures: pediculosis can be quickly and effectively dealt with by pharmaceutical products.
It affects the skin not only of the head, but also of the whole body, or its individual parts. The disease requires mandatory treatment using drugs with sulfur, crotamiton, permethrin. To eliminate itching, antihistamines are prescribed in the complex.
This disease is inflammation of follicles – hair bulbs. The uncomplicated form can be cured with saline compresses and antibacterial soap. If the itching does not go away after a few days, and reddish spots or pimples with white contents remain around the hair, you should consult a specialist – a trichologist or a dermatologist.
Psoriasis < /em>
This disease is manifested by reddish raised spots covered with whitish scales and severe painful itching. With its weak degree, it is recommended to use shampoos with salicylic acid, which relieves itching and reduces plaques. In complex cases, complex treatment under the supervision of a specialist is required, Ukr.Media informs.
Other factors that may cause an itchy head< /strong>
Eczema, ringworm can also make the head itch. In this case, self-medication is prohibited: drug therapy is selected by a dermatologist. Itching can be caused by neoplasms and lymphoma, which require observation and treatment by an oncologist.
Itching can also be caused by some mental illnesses — neurosis, depression, psycho-emotional overload, stress, panic states. Such patients need examination by a neurologist and psychotherapist. The head can also itch in diabetes, stroke, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, as well as pregnancy. Help in selecting an effective therapy is provided by a specialized doctor.
Drug therapy and pharmacy products
Treatment is selected taking into account the factor that caused such a symptom as skin irritation. As part of antifungal therapy, clotrimazole, miconazole, or griseofulvin can be used in combination with antihistamine, immunomodulatory, or hormonal drugs.
Parazidosis, Medifox, Pediline, and other agents are used to treat pediculosis. For seborrhea, special shampoos are effective – Nizoral, Sulsena, Sebozol.
Folk recipes for getting rid of itching of the head
There are many proven recipes in folk medicine for getting rid of dandruff and eliminating itching. It is important to consider that they can be used only as auxiliary means and only after consulting a doctor to avoid complications and allergies.
Onion juice, which is mixed with vegetable oil and applied to the roots of the hair for half an hour, and a mask made of grated apple (used similarly) have proven themselves well.
Helps to suppress the activity of pathogenic microflora and eliminate inflammation dandelion tincture. Freshly collected flowers are combined in equal proportions with vodka and infused in a dark room for two weeks. After the end of the term, a little lemon juice is added to the mixture. The mixture should be applied to the root zone for half an hour, using an insulating towel cap.
Mint, the oil of which can be added to the shampoo while washing the head, and linden are effective against itching. Lime blossoms should be boiled over low heat in the proportion of 1 tablespoon per 0.5 liters of water. The decoction must be filtered and taken once a day. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
To avoid dry scalp, it is important to follow a balanced diet. The diet should include the following foods: meat, poultry, nuts, butter, eggs, orange fruits and vegetables, cabbage, legumes, greens.
Take vitamins , strengthen immunity, regularly consult a doctor, use preventive masks. And then the unpleasant itching will no longer bother you.
This article is for informational purposes only. Consult a certified professional before using the data provided above. The editors do not guarantee any results and bear no responsibility for any damage or other consequences that may arise from the use of the information provided above.