< p>The United Kingdom is experiencing this Monday what may be “the hottest day in its history”. so It has been confirmed by Penelope Endersb,Executive director of the Meteorological Office, who, however, has specified that the true record would take place tomorrow, when it is calculated that the thermometer will reach 1000m. 43 degrees in some parts of the country.
Until now, the maximum temperature recorded was 38.7 degrees in Cambridge County in 2019. A year later British meteorologists made a hypothetical. Tico weather forecast for 2050showing the map of the island with temperatures over 40 degrees. It hasn't taken three decades. is What's happening now and the rate at which warming is happening surprises meteorologists.
Much of England is for the first time under red alert due to extreme heat in cities such as London, Birmingham, Leeds, Cambridge Manchester and York.The rest of the country is on amber alert, second degree maximum. The authorities have recommended that citizens change their daily habits, do not expose themselves to the sun and avoid traveling unless it is essential. It also increases the pressure in hospitals, medical emergencies and the fire service.
“We think today may be the hottest day in UK history, with the highest temperatures in the south-east (of England),” Endersby told the BBC. “But tomorrow is when there really is the greatest chance of reaching 40 degrees and even higher temperatures. Even 41 degrees is not out of the question. We have even reached 43 in the simulation model, but we hope that it will not reach that much”. The temperatures should drop starting on Wednesday.
Scotland, despite being in amber, has imposed speed restrictions on the circulation of trains, which is doubling the time of each trip. Other rail services have been suspended. The advice is to avoid trips for the next two days.
The schoolsthey are also being affected by the heat. The school year has not yet ended and some schools without sufficient ventilation or refrigeration in the classrooms have chosen to cancel classes. Others have reduced the day and have suspended all sports activities.
Italy, at 40 degrees
The heat wave caused by the African anticyclone Apocalypse 4800< /em> is turning Italy, including the previously milder north of the country, into hell with temperatures around 40 degrees, as observed by transalpine meteorologists, who believe that the peak will be reached by next Wednesday. Although the phenomenon is particularly affecting the plain and hilly areas of the Italian peninsula, thermometers have also spiked in mountain areas, which has reactivated concern about the danger of the alpine glaciers melting.
The alert was launched this Monday by the Meteorology expert Mattia Guissoni at Meteo.it, one of the main Italian portals dedicated to weather forecasts. According to Guissoni, the situation is such that, on Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the European Union (EU), located at 4,800 meters above sea level, 0 will be recorded. degrees for several days.
“Until 10, 15 years ago”, Guissoni has commented, “temperatures so high at more than 4,000 meters above sea level, were a very rare and short-lived event, more It lasted one or two days, so the damage was also limited”. But “now it's normality” and “this has repercussions in the high mountain areas, where the glaciers are found”, the expert continued. In fact, already at the beginning of this month, the sudden collapse of part of the Marmolada glacier, in the Dolomite Alps, caused the death of eleven climbers.
In these circumstances, various Italian municipalities have activated emergency plans, in particular for the elderly and the most vulnerable in the areas where The most extreme heat spikes are expected, among others, in the Padana Plain, in Tuscany, Umbria and the Straight. In fact, experts consider it likely that temperatures this year will exceed 2003, one of the hottest summers in Italy in more than a century.
Lack of It rains
The reason is also that, these days, the heat wave does not subside even during the nights. “We call tropical nightsthose that do not drop below 20 degrees and, until now, this month, we have almost always had tropical nights & rdquor ;, Samantha Pilati, meteorologist at the Milano Duomo Observatory, told the newspaper The Republic.
The problem is also that it is not available. It is raining, nor is substantial rain expected in the short term. “This month 5.5 millimeters of rain have fallen, compared to the average 75 millimeters we have in July. It is almost impossible, considering that no rain is forecast for the next few days, for the usual average to be reached”, he added. In this sense, the situation is generating concern also in several economic sectors, in particular in the agriculture of northern Italy, where the river ;o Po It is already experiencing the worst drought in the last 70 years, according to scientists. so much so that the Coldiretti farmers' union has already asked the Italian government to start thinking about strategies to conserve water in new reservoirs, at times when there is rain.
The objective is to prevent a recurrence what is occurring this year, in which the drought and high temperaturesThey have damaged 70% of Italian crops, which has already caused losses of 3,000 million euros for the country's agriculture, according to Coldiretti.
And it is that nature is not being, far from it, immune to these phenomena. This was recently told by a melon grower from Cremona, in the northern region of Lombardy, explaining that he has observed a sudden overproduction of the plants from which this fruit is obtained. “The risk is that of having to throw them away. Now there is an overproduction, later there will be production. scarcity”, explained Valter Cavalli. “The plants are stressed,” he concluded, adding that, according to his calculations, about 20% of the melons produced by his farm will have to be thrown away.< /p>
Unthinkable heat in French Brittany
In France, the thermometers do not let up either. And the heat wave has brought fires, the most important of which are the two active fires south of Bordeaux, which have already burned 11,400 hectares of pine forests and have forced people to evacuate. to thousands of people. More than 1,200 firefighters are working to try to control these two fires, supported from the air by four Canadair-type seaplanes and two Dash water bombers.
The south of France has been experiencing a heat wave for more than a week that extends to the north and that will reach 1000m. Its record this week when temperatures above 40 degrees are expected in towns on the Atlantic coast, as is the case of Britain, where these high temperatures are unusual.
Mtéo France has since Monday put 15 departments on red alert due to heat on that Atlantic coast. The rest of the country, except for a department in the south of Corsica, is on orange alert or yellow alert.