Archive | Camille Laurin, psychiatrist and politician from Quebec


Archives | Camille Laurin, psychiatrist and politician from Quebec

Dr. Camille Laurin, one of the most important political figures in Quebec from the 50 years, passed away on March 11, 1999.

100 years ago, Dr. Camille Laurin was born. Our archives underline the extent to which this man played an important role as a politician and psychiatrist in Quebec.

Camille Laurin was born in Charlemagne on May 6, 1922.

The deputy for the Assumption riding, Paul Gouin, remarked on his precocious intelligence. The latter sponsored the classical studies that the young man's father could not afford.

In 1943, Camille Laurin enrolled at the University of Montreal, where he studied medicine. He got amazing grades there.

He specialized in psychiatry in Boston and Paris in the 1950s.

At the age of 35, in 1958, he was appointed director of what would become, a few years later, the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Montreal. He is also secretary of the Association des psychiatres du Québec.

Dr. Camille Laurin brought back from his studies abroad a modern conception of psychiatry and mental illness that he wants to implement in Quebec.

Interview of host Wilfrid Lemoine with doctor Camille Laurin

October 11 1959, host Wilfrid Lemoine of the show Premier plan interviews him. Lauren. The remarks focus on the reasons for mental illness as well as the prejudices of society towards those who suffer from it.

The interview is cut in two by images without sound.

In 1961, Jean-Charles Pagé, a former patient at Saint-Jean-de-Dieu Hospital, publishes a book, Les fous crient au help!, which denounces the delay in psychiatric care in Quebec.

The book's preface is signed by Dr. Laurin .

The book shocks and mobilizes Quebec society. In September 1961, the government of Jean Lesage reacted by creating the Bédard commission.

Through its recommendations, this commission modernized the practice of psychiatry in Quebec as early as 1962.

Camille Laurin saw in medicine and psychiatry powerful instruments of transformation social.

It is this conception that led him to engage in active politics and to support the project of independence of Quebec.

In 1968, he was, with René Lévesque, one of the founding fathers of the Parti Québécois. To his surprise, he was elected president of the executive, which made him number two.

Interview with Camille Laurin on the meaning of the acronym of the Parti Québécois

On December 27, 1968, Camille Laurin is interviewed after his press conference on the meaning of the acronym adopted by the PQ.

In this brief interview, we hear the themes that preoccupy Dr. Laurin and which explain his commitment to the Parti Québécois.

In 1970, Camille Laurin became one of the seven elected members of the Parti Québécois in the National Assembly of Quebec.

< p class="e-p">On November 15, 1976, the Parti Québécois took power. Premier-elect René Lévesque appoints Camille Laurin Minister of State for Cultural Development.

The new minister is responsible for creating a new language law that will replace the highly contested Bill 22 of the previous government of Robert Bourassa.

Dr. Laurin designs this reform as a salutary and necessary electric shock to restore Quebec Francophones' pride and get them out of their political lethargy.

On April 1, 1977, he tabled his bill in the National Assembly, which became known as the Charter of the French language or Law 101.

Excerpt from the speech delivered by Minister Camille Laurin at a press conference announcing the tabling of the bill for the Charter of the French language

On this occasion, Radio-Canada television presents a special program relaying the Minister's press conference. His speech expresses in very clear words the objectives that motivate his legislative intervention.

The Charter of the French language establishes French as the only official language of the State of Quebec. Dr. Camille Laurin is proposing a radical break with the history of the province since 1763.

In this context, we understand that the bill will be fought tooth and nail by certain sectors of society.

Within the English-speaking community, in particular, Camille Laurin is hated.

Some of his opponents associate him with the villainous Dr Julius No, one of the two main protagonists of the film James Bond 007 against Dr No.

Others go even further by comparing him to Dr. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Germany's propaganda master.

The Charter of the French language was adopted on August 26, 1977. Exactly 10 years later, the Mouvement pour un Québec français celebrated its anniversary.

Report by journalist Claude Gervais on the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Charter of the French language by the National Assembly of Quebec

Journalist Claude Gervais was present at this event and recorded some of Dr. Laurin's thoughts in the report broadcast on Téléjournal on August 26, 1987.

It's a worried and critical message that Camille Laurin then offered.

According to him, Bill 101 gave French speakers a false sense of security and played against the sovereignist option during the referendum of 1980.

The situation he describes must have been sadly ironic for the politician and the psychiatrist.

The former -Premier of Quebec Lucien Bouchard described Dr. Laurin as the one who contributed the most to affirming the identity of Quebec.

Through his medical and political action, the one whom his colleagues affectionately called “the doctor” has played an undeniable role in the social and political evolution of Quebec over the past 50 years.

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