Archive | Charlottetown Accord sowed controversy in 1992

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Archives | The Charlottetown accord was controversial in 1992

The Charlottetown Accord was adopted on August 28, 1992

On August 28, 1992, gathered around Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, the Premiers of the ten provinces, the leaders of the two territories as well as the Aboriginal leaders agree on a constitutional reform of Canada: the Charlottetown Accord .

“The Prime Ministers of English Canada had smiling faces today, confident that they had concluded the #x27;agreement that will save the country from breaking up and make constitutional squabbles memories of the past.

—Daniel L’Heureux

Two reports by Daniel L'Heureux and Guy Gendron in reaction to the announcement of an agreement around the Charlottetown accord. The news bulletin is presented by Solveig Miller.

Au Téléjournalof August 28, 1992 presented by Solveig Miller, the report by Daniel L'Heureux suggests that the Charlottetown accord could have a bright future.

Two years after the failure of Meech Lake, another constitutional agreement has just been born and could prevent the break-up of Canada.

This time, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney wants the deal to be approved in a nation-wide referendum.

We are already talking about the question, which must be short, simple, clear and, above all, the same for all Canadians.

The journalist, however, notices a lack of enthusiasm on the part of the Prime Minister Quebecois Robert Bourassa.

Daniel L'Heureux points out that Brian Mulroney was quick to come to his rescue, saying the deal is in “the big leagues” to defend the superior interests of Quebec.

“It is therefore with resignation that we in Ottawa are preparing to embark on the referendum adventure where we insist, at the very least, on keeping up appearances. »

— Journalist Guy Gendron

In the following report, journalist Guy Gendron analyzes the reception of Prime Minister Mulroney in Ottawa, where he hastened to come and present the constitutional text to his party.

If the Prime Minister enters the caucus to applause, the journalist doubts the apparent unity of the Conservative troops.

However, Brian Mulroney insists on asserting in front of the cameras that everyone the agreement.

In the following days, the reactions, approval and opposition, aroused by this agreement will be numerous and lively.

< strong>Charlottetown: a new constitutional project

  • The Charlottetown Accord recognized in the “Canada clause” the important place of Aboriginal peoples, the distinct Quebec society, linguistic minorities, multiculturalism and the contribution of immigration as well as the principle of immigration. x27;equality of men and women.
  • In addition, the agreement provided for institutional reform. The composition of the Senate would be more representative of the regions, the Supreme Court would have one-third Quebec judges and the House of Commons would reserve 25% of its seats for Quebec.
  • The text of the agreement also addressed the division of powers between the federal and the provinces and accepted the principle of Aboriginal self-determination. The fifth part of the document concerned the amending formula of the Canadian Constitution.
  • On October 26, 1992, 6 out of 10 provinces rejected the agreement, including Quebec. It is the voters of Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Ontario who support him.

Premier Robert Bourassa faces a challenge. He must now coordinate the constitutional position of the province of Quebec with that of the other Canadian provinces.

This linkage must be ratified, at a special convention of the Quebec Liberal Party, by a resolution that would approve the Charlottetown accord.

The agreement indeed provoked opposition within the Liberal Party of Quebec.

Reports by journalists Gilles Morin and Christine Saint-Pierre on the special convention of the Quebec Liberal Party which approves the Charlottetown accord. Solveig Miller presents the Téléjournal.

On August 29, 1992, theTéléjournal presents two reports by journalists Gilles Morin and Christine Saint-Pierre on the progress of the special convention.

The first report describes how it unfolded.

The resolution approving the adoption of the Charlottetown Accord was accepted by more than 90% by Liberal activists.

But as the second report shows, the congress did not go smoothly.

Throughout its duration, members of the Youth Commission of the Liberal Party of Quebec, including its president Mario Dumont, oppose the resolution.

This is also the case of Jean Allaire, the father of the constitutional project with a nationalist tone (some would say almost sovereignist) which, since March 1991, has been the official position of the Quebec Liberal Party.

In fact, the resolution, adopting the Charlottetown agreement, evacuates Jean Allaire's report.

Annoyed, several supporters of Mario Dumont and Jean Allaire left the convention and the Quebec Liberal Party.

After the constitutional shift of the Liberal Party of Quebec, opposition to the Charlottetown Accord is also very strong in the sovereignist camp.

This is particularly the case within the Parti Québécois, led by Jacques Parizeau.

Report by Christine Saint-Pierre on the opposition of the leader of the Parti Québécois, Jacques Parizeau, to the Charlottetown accord. Le Téléjournal is presented by Solveig Miller.

In a report by journalist Christine Saint-Pierre presented in Téléjournal on August 30, 1992, Jacques Parizeau described the special convention of the Liberal Party of Quebec as ” trickery”.

No substantial debate took place, adds the PQ leader.

In the same breath, Jacques Parizeau invites dissidents who left the Liberal convention to join it in a grand coalition against the Charlottetown accord.

This constitutional agreement offers Quebecers to settle for little, because in any case, we can not hope for better, says the PQ leader.

The pan-Canadian campaign, which will culminate in the referendum of October 26, 1992, is slowly getting under way.

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