Moratoriums on cod and other groundfish were decreed by the Government of Canada in 1992 and 1993.
Thirty years ago, on July 2, 1992, the Government of Canada decreed the first moratorium on cod fishing in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Our archives bear witness to the end of the golden age of cod, a highly prized fish for centuries.
Cod is the subject of great #x27;an intensive fishery in Atlantic Canadian waters for hundreds of years. Indeed, until the 1980s, this groundfish remained the most traded species since the 15th century.
Conditions in the waters off the east coast of Canada are perfect for the development of cod shoals. Indeed, during the spawning season, the shallow waters and abundant food attract the species by the millions.
Because of this incredible amount of fish, Canadians, Americans and Europeans traveled to waters where cod abounded to engage in high-intensity commercial fishing until the 1970s.
In 1977, Canada extended its fishing zone to 200 nautical miles (370 kilometres) from its coasts, which allowed it to have complete authority over this territory. The country can thus better manage its fish catches and set fishing quotas for foreign vessels.
Fisherman Charlie Cormier experienced the golden age of cod fishing . He explains how he practiced his profession on the line on the show La Green Week of December 27, 1981.
Excerpt from a report from the newspaper André Laprise who talks with Charlie Cormier, a former fisherman from Cap Saint-Georges in Newfoundland, about cod fishing in the past. Directed by: Jean-Paul Plouffe.
With the modernization of fishing techniques and equipment, cod fishing was intensive during the 1980s. taken is significant and worries not only fishermen but also scientists.
We realize that the rate of reproduction of cod is not enough to sustain the rate of fishing. Measures to protect this groundfish will have to be drastic.
On July 2, 1992, federal Fisheries Minister John Crosbie announced a two-year moratorium on angling. cod. The affected area is off Newfoundland and Labrador.
Despite the financial aid promised, the fishermen received this news very badly. The imposition of a moratorium on cod fishing eliminates 30,000 jobs in the fishing and fish processing sector. Despite the loss of their livelihood, fishermen are required to pay the mortgage on their boat and their rigging.
July 2, 1992 at Téléjournal, Françoise Enguehard reports on the effect of this news on the community.
Report by Françoise Enguehard on the anger of Newfoundland-Labrador fishermen following the decree of a first moratorium on the cod fishing. The newscast is hosted by Solveig Miller.
However, this decision is only the preamble to an even stricter measure taken by the federal government the following year .
In the Téléjournal of August 31, 1993, presenter Bernard Derome said:
“There is simply no more fish in the eastern part of the country and Ottawa has just put the fishermen of the Maritimes on Newfoundland time. »
That day, the federal government announced that the moratorium decreed in 1992 now extended to almost the entire Gulf of St. Lawrence.
About 12,000 fishermen are therefore out of work, bringing the number of people affected by the 1992 and 1993 moratoriums to 43,000.
For people whose fishing background was the main livelihood, it's a crushing blow. It's all gone, it's all gone, exclaims a fisherman.
In his report, journalist Louis Lemieux gathers reactions in Nova Scotia.
Report by journalist Louis Lemieux following the announcement of the moratorium in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. He is getting feedback from Nova Scotia fishermen. The presenter is Bernard Derome.
Other groundfish such as halibut and redfish soon fall under this ban. Groundfish fishermen must therefore find alternative solutions to survive.
The assistance programs offered by the federal government are not enough to counter the financial difficulties of cod fishermen.
We are trying to find other sources of income for the fishermen. We turn to other fisheries, such as lobster and crab. But this creates tensions with fishermen of these species.
Perhaps, it is hoped, fishing will return when the moratorium ends. However, five years later, the fishery has only reopened to a very limited extent.
And hope for a return to normal is dwindling.
Another moratorium falls on April 24, 2003, ten years after the 1993 moratorium. Federal Fisheries Minister Robert Thibault announces the complete closure of the cod fishery across Atlantic Canada.
Despite the 1992 and 1993 moratoriums, cod stocks have not recovered sufficiently.
Furthermore, cooling waters have adversely affected the reproduction of cod, which searches the warm waters of the coast and the Grand Banks to spawn, not to mention incidental fishing and predators such as seals.
Journalist Denis-Martin Chabot goes to Terre- Neuve to report on the situation in the Téléjournal of April 24, 2003.
Report by journalist Denis-Martin Chabot on the Canadian government's decree of another moratorium on cod in the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The presenter is Stéphan Bureau.
That same year, in May 2003, two species of cod were added to the list of threatened and endangered species in Canada. We must protect them at all costs and try to promote their survival.
In 2018, the situation for fish has not improved. As a result, commercial fishing has still not been re-established in east coast waters. And there is no deadline.
The industry, however, continues to dream of when it will be able to put its boats back in the water.
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