Archive | For 35 years, Radio-Canada has honored French-speaking Canadian scientists

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Archives | For 35 years, Radio-Canada has been honoring French-speaking Canadian scientists

Since 1987, Radio-Canada has awarded its Scientist of the Year award to one or more French-speaking personalities whose work has marked their discipline.

35 years ago, Radio-Canada presented its Scientist of the Year award for the first time. Here are some of the winners seen through Radio-Canada reports.

On January 27, 2022, Radio-Canada announced that the Scientist of the Year award is awarded to archaeologist and geochemist Maxime Aubert for his contribution to the discovery and dating of cave paintings over 45,000 years old in a cave on the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Radio-Canada has been awarding this prize since 1987.

Since their very beginnings, Radio-Canada radio and television have made it their mission to explain the many developments in science to Canadians.

This concern for the popularization of science can be observed throughout the existence of Radio-Canada.

We wants to make known the foundations of science in a way that is both fun and didactic.

Science programs help to better understand the world and guard against the disclosure of false news while developing critical thinking.

“It was after consultation with members of the Radio-Canada science and technology committee that we chose , here, at Aujourd'hui la science, French Canadian Scientist of the Year for 1987.”

— Yanick Villedieu

In line with this philosophy, on January 3, 1988, the radio program Aujourd'hui la science inaugurated what would become a tradition.

Host Yanick Villedieu announces that the Société Radio-Canada will henceforth offer a prize to a French-speaking Canadian scientist.

This award honors Canadian scientists and draws attention to work whose results have been published during the year.

Radio-Canada awards this prize to the laureate in recognition of the value of the work in his discipline and its impact on the public.

This prize is accompanied, for the winners, by great visibility, favored in particular by a one-hour interview on the show < em>The Light Yearsand a report on the showDécouverte hosted respectively by Sophie-Andrée Blondin and Charles Tisseyre.

This is an impressive list of scientists in a wide variety of disciplines that Radio-Canada has been rewarding since 1987.

In 1987, this Scientific Prize of the year is awarded to Dr. Jean Davignon, who is director of the research department on lipids and atherosclerosis at the Montreal Clinical Research Institute.

The award highlights the importance of the doctor's research on the genetics of familial hypercholesterolemia in French Canadians.

Doctor Jean Davignon

In this excerpt, Jean Davignon explains to Yanick Villedieu the purpose of his research and its implications for the population.

Hypercholesterolemia is a hereditary disease.

The victims of the latter have abnormally high levels of what is commonly called bad cholesterol.

A person has high cholesterol because they have little or no way to get rid of bad cholesterol in their body.

As a result, people with this disease are at risk of heart attacks and premature death.

However, we already knew that hypercholesterolemia is caused by one or more gene mutations.

The novelty is that Dr. Davignon revealed that in French-Canadian families, a specific genetic mutation is disproportionately responsible for the existence and prevalence of this disease.

By checking the origins of people suffering from this disease, he made another discovery.

The parents of the patients examined came mainly from Bas-Saint-Laurent or Kamouraska-Témiscouata.

The ancestor who would have undergone the genetic mutation would come from this region.

< p class="e-p">The migration of carriers of the mutation to other regions of French Canada would also explain the prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia there.

Doctor Davignon's research have very concrete results.

We now have a screening tool to identify the existence of the disease in newborns.

This early screening also makes it possible to offer an adequate diet and medication that will help prevent patients from having a cardiovascular catastrophe.

The 1999 Scientist of the Year prize is awarded to the chemist Christiane Ayotte.

Director of the Sports Doping Control Laboratory at the INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Christiane Ayotte is at the forefront of doping control in amateur sport.

1999 Scientist of the Year peace recipient Christiane Ayotte grants an interview to host Pierre Maisonneuve.

On January 28, 2000, Christiane Ayotte granted the host of the show Maisonneuve listening, Pierre Maisonneuve, an interview of which here is an excerpt.

She recalls that in 1998 and 1999, during the Pan American Games in Winnipeg, certain problems related to doping control among amateur athletes were revealed.

First of all, we see that we have difficulty managing positive doping cases.

Worse, there is a kind of impunity associated with the performance of athletes.

Those in the front row are often exempt from doping control.

Champions are frequently exonerated if found guilty of doping or their cases take years to be investigated.

These privileges are not granted to less efficient or less well-known athletes.

Then Christiane Ayotte recalls how much the issue of sports doping control can be politicized.

In 1999, during the Pan American Games in Winnipeg, the legend of the Cuban high jump Javier Sotomayor was pinned by a doping control.

Christiane Ayotte then suffered the wrath of the Cuban authorities and Fidel Castro. Cuba even accuses her of being a CIA agent!

Fairness in sports competitions and performance based solely on human abilities, these are Christiane Ayotte's priorities.

Christiane Ayotte is still director of the doping control laboratory at the Center Armand-Frappier Santé Biotechnologie.

Report by journalist Daniel Carrière on the recipient of the 2006 scientist award, Lyne Mongeau

February 4, 2007, the show Discoveryoffers a report, by journalist Daniel Carrière and director Chantal Théoret, on the winner of the 2006 Scientist of the Year award, dietitian-nutritionist Lyne Mongeau.

Charles Tisseyre hosts the show Découverte.

Lyne Mongeau fights what has become a disturbing and hopeless scourge in our society: obesity.

She has developed an innovative strategy that gives hope to people who want to find a lasting solution to the problem.

The report begins with striking images.

Lyne Mongeau is preparing a meal with her family. We don't count calories.

According to Lyne Mongeau, scales and weight loss diets are useless. You can eat anything, but in moderation.

Since 1981, she has been working with the National Institute of Public Health of Quebec to develop possible solutions to the problem of obesity.

She observes the suffering caused by the failures of those who go on diets and diets to lose weight.

It is from this observation that Lyne Mongeau designed an intervention program focused on self-esteem: Choosing to lose weight? The goal is not to lose weight at all costs, but to achieve health.

After one year, 35% of women who follow the program do not regain the lost weight.

The program was so successful that it was the only one recommended by the Ministry of Health in the early 2000s.

The report also highlights another facet of Lyne Mongeau's fight.

We must change the environment of our modern societies which favors the epidemic of obesity.

Lyne Mongeau was so convincing that in the fall of 2006, the Quebec government adopted a $400 million action plan to fight obesity.

Thanks to her, the problem has become a public health issue in Quebec.

Yoshua Bengio was awarded the Radio-Canada Scientist Prize for the year 2017.

We reward who is a professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Montreal and director of the Institute for Learning Algorithms in Montreal.

His research has revolutionized our knowledge of artificial intelligence and deep learning.

Report by journalist André Bernard and director Hélène Morin painting a portrait of the recipient of the 2017 Scientist of the Year award, Yoshua Bengio

On January 28, 2018, journalist André Bernard and director Hélène Morin paint a portrait of Yoshua Bengio on the show Découverte hosted by Charles Tisseyre.

It is an avant-garde and extremely complex discipline that the scientist is developing.

It is also a universe in rapid evolution and whose applications can raise fundamental ethical questions.

The portrait shows how much Yoshua Bengio has contributed to making Montreal a world-class research hub in the field of artificial intelligence development.

Students from all over the world come to the University of Montreal to work with him.

What also stands out is the humanist approach of the researcher in his research and development initiatives.

In 35 years of existence, Radio-Canada's Scientist of the Year award has allowed the public to discover the breadth, diversity and the excellence of Canadian and French-speaking Canadian scientists.

On January 27, 2022, Radio-Canada announced that the Scientist of the Year award is awarded to archaeologist and geochemist Maxime Aubert for his contribution to the discovery and dating of cave paintings over 45,000 years old in a cave on the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia.

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