Archive | From October 14 to 28, 1962, the Cuban Missile Crisis anguished the planet
In October 1962, a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union broke out, which anguished the planet.
< p class="e-p">In October 1962, a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union broke out, threatening to annihilate the world through nuclear war. How did this crisis unfold? How was it handled behind the scenes? Our archives give us an overview.
Since the end of World War II in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union have been fierce enemies and have been engaged in what has been dubbed the Cold War.
On October 14, 1962, US President John F. Kennedy learned that the island of Cuba, ruled by revolutionary Fidel Castro, was now home to Soviet nuclear-tipped missiles and ramps launches that threaten the United States.
The Cuban Missile Crisis is the climax of the Cold War and threatens to escalate into a nuclear conflict.
Montage retracing the evolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962
This re-edit of the show Camera 62of October 27, 1962 shows us the main moments of this crisis.
For two weeks, the world watched helplessly as Washington and Moscow fought over the maintenance of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
At the White House, we carefully weigh the response to the challenge launched by the Soviet Union against North American territory.
President Kennedy finally decides to rule out military action.
Instead, on October 22, he opted for the establishment of a naval blockade that surrounded Cuba and prevented Soviet ships and missiles from arriving on the island.
We then witness a duel of titans with an uncertain and extremely distressing result.
On October 28, Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev orders the dismantling of the Soviet missiles from Cuba.
The crisis is over and the& #x27;nuclear apocalypse averted.
Journalist Anne-Marie Dussault interviews former White House spokesperson during President Kennedy's administration, Pierre Salinger , on the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.
On October 18, 1992, the broadcast Today Sundaymarks the 30th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis by featuring testimonials from people who experienced the event from far and near.
One of these testimonies is particularly revealing. It is that of Pierre Salinger.
In 1992, Pierre Salinger was the London bureau chief of ABC Television.
He previously served as White House spokesman throughout the administration of President John F. Kennedy.
The latter tells how the Cuban crisis was experienced from the inside and the role that President Kennedy played in it during an interview with journalist Anne-Marie Dussault.
Pierre Salinger asserts that members of the Kennedy administration, and particularly President Kennedy, were aware of the enormous danger posed by the confrontation with the Soviets in Cuba.
Kennedy allegedly told Pierre Salinger that his administration had no room for error.
If we're wrong, the president would have told him, 200 million people will die.
Pierre Salinger dwells a lot on the behavior of President John F. Kennedy and his Soviet counterpart, President Nikita Khrushchev, as well as on their interactions.
It appears from the interview that the moderation of Presidents Kennedy and Khrushchev would have been a decisive factor in the peaceful resolution of the crisis.
The former White House spokesman also suggests that the two leaders also worked hard once the Cuban missile crisis was resolved at the end of the Cold War.
An almost friendly exchange of letters between the American and Soviet presidents from 1961 to November 1963, still unpublished in 1992, would confirm their deep desire to lower international tensions, assures Pierre Salinger.
The assassination of John F. Kennedy and the dismissal of Nikita Khrushchev in 1964 set the world off course.
Another opportunity would have been missed, observes Pierre Salinger, in relations between the United States and Cuba.
Kennedy had promised Khrushchev to renew ties with Fidel Castro's regime and to give up on invading Cuba.
If this commitment had been respected by Washington, internal politics in Cuba and relations with its neighbor could have become quite different, Salinger believes.
The interview with Pierre Salinger presents a John F. Kennedy seeking a peaceful solution to defuse the Cuban Missile Crisis.
This description is confirmed when recordings of discussions at the White House, made secretly by President Kennedy in October 1962, are revealed to the public in 1997.
Report by correspondent Julie Miville-Dechêne on the release of secret recordings of President Kennedy during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962.
The October 21, 1997 Téléjournal host, Bernard Derome, summarizes the content of these recordings by saying that they show how Kennedy held head to the military.
The report by Washington correspondent Julie Miville-Dechêne hints at excerpts from these recordings.
Kennedy rejects option to attack Cuba, because it would give the Soviets an excuse to seize Berlin.
Chief of Staff Curtis Lemay, for his part, sees in the proposed blockade favored by Kennedy, an admission of weakness which he compares to the attempt by the British to appease Hitler in Munich in 1938.
Listening to the recordings confirms that all the options involved a risk of nuclear slippage.
As for invading Cuba, the option would have been catastrophic, concludes Julie Miville-Dechêne.
There were 40,000 Soviet soldiers on the island – not 4,000 as Washington thought at the time – and nuclear missiles.
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