First female correspondent for Radio-Canada, Judith Jasmin travels to several regions of the world, including Algeria after its independence from France.
60 years ago, France recognized the independence of its colony of Algeria. This decision constitutes an important milestone in the world history of decolonization.
“In Algeria that has returned to peace, only the voice of the storyteller in the market place awakens the memory of the war and the time of the colonialism. »
— Judith Jasmin
Journalist Judith Jasmin summarizes in this extract the main stages of the war of independence of Algeria.
October 26, 1963, the program Champ libre,hosted by journalist Judith Jasmin, broadcasts a documentary that analyzes the situation in Algeria a few months before the second anniversary of its independence.
In this excerpt, Judith Jasmin narrates and summarizes the main stages of the war of independence which led the French colony to its sovereignty at the beginning of July 1962.
Algerian independence comes after eight long years of struggle between Algerian nationalists and the French metropolis.
This war of independence was terrible.
The French army fought the Algerian patriots by all possible means, including repression of the population and torture.
The Algerian separatist guerrillas responded with multiple attacks against French soldiers and settlers.
The death toll is therefore very heavy.
There is talk of tens of thousands of dead and wounded, French settlers and Algerian civilians alike.
The conflict in Algeria brings France to the brink of civil war.
On March 19, 1962, the President of the French Republic, General Charles de Gaulle, signed the Évian Accords which framed the process of Algerian independence.
On July 1, 1962, the Algerians approved by referendum, and by an overwhelming majority of 99%, the accession to independence of the colony.
Excerpt narrated by Jacques Fauteux summarizing the violent events that took place in Oran the days preceding the referendum on the independence of Algeria.
However, the days leading up to the referendum are characterized, as this extract from the program Caméra 62 showsof July 7, 1962, presented by Lucien Côté and narrated by Gaétan Montreuil, by an explosion of violence in the region of the city of Oran.
The Arab community and European settlers clash there, which causes considerable destruction.
Only the intervention of officials from the two communities, including the Archbishop of Oran, can calm things down.
On July 1, 1962, the Arab and European populations nevertheless voted calmly.
On July 3, France officially recognized Algerian independence.
The following July 5, Algeria acceded to the family of nations.
“Despite the promises, the exodus of Europeans from Algeria continued. »
— Jacques Fauteux, Camera 62
The issue of Algerian independence has pitted Algerians of Arab origin against the settler community of European descent, the so-called “pieds-noirs”.
On July 7, 1962, the program Caméra 62, hosted by journalists Lucien Côté, Jacques Fauteux and Gaétan Montreuil, devoted itself to the accession to independence of Algeria .
This excerpt describes the exodus of the “pieds-noirs” community who left Algeria to take refuge in France.
The messages of reconciliation and the assurances of the new Algerian leaders, including those of Doctor Chawki Mostefaï, did absolutely nothing.
In 1962, 800,000 citizens of European origin fled the newly independent Algeria.
Added to this number are 200,000 Muslim and Jewish Algerians who are closely associated with the European populations and who fear reprisals from the government which has just taken the power.
The extract shows the arrival in France of these refugees.
The interviews of the various people interviewed reveal both their dismay and the heartbreak they feel at having had to leave what 'they consider it their native land.
Journalist Judith Jasmin describes some of the policies of the new Algerian government and impressions of Algerian society.
In this second extract from the program Champ libre of October 26, 1963, journalist Judith Jasmin describes some of the policies of the newly independent.
It examines in particular the reforms for universal access to education and the agrarian reform which seeks to improve the peasant condition in the country.
We also discuss the emancipation of the condition of women in a country where the weight of traditional Muslim society is very often a hindrance for women.
The influence of Islam is also a very important variable that the Algerian state, despite its openly socialist orientation, must take into consideration.
Note also the quality of the images of various places in Algeria used in the documentary.
60 years after obtaining its sovereignty, what path did Algeria follow?
Could we conclude that it was a rather bumpy and strewn with pitfalls, as many specialists in the country do?
In fact, the history of independent Algeria has been characterized by a succession of political crises which have undermined its development and from which the country is still struggling to emerge.
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