January 23 1997, Pauline Marois, Minister of Education and Families, announces the Quebec government's new family policy.
25 years ago, the Minister of Education and of the Pauline Marois Family announced its new family policy for Quebec: more generous parental leave, fairer family allowances and the deployment of the network of Early Childhood Centers (CPE). Back to the archives on a policy that would change the face of Quebec families.
Prime Minister Lucien Bouchard presented his reform of family assistance programs for the first time at the Summit on the Economy and Employment on October 31, 1996.
The creation of a parental insurance fund for maternity leave which covers all categories of workers, full-time kindergarten for five-year-old children, the creation of 70,000 childcare places in six years and more generous family allowances for low-income families: these are the main thrusts of this new family policy.
Reportage by Line Pagé on the presentation of Quebec's new family policy by Premier Lucien Bouchard at the Summit on the Economy and Employment. The news bulletin is moderated by Bernard Derome.
The Prime Minister intends to finance the parental insurance fund from the federal employment insurance fund.
In her report presented to Téléjournal, the journalist Line Pagé explains that 8% of the employment insurance fund is already used to finance maternity leave. This is the amount that Quebec wants to recover from the federal government to fund its own parental leave program.
Before the reform, there were a dozen family assistance programs in Quebec. The system was complicated and the measures superimposed, mentioned Premier Bouchard, leader of the Parti Québécois.
Quebec wants to simplify and review its family assistance plans to establish a fairer model .
“I believe this is an important step that has been taken today by the government and has benefits some for mothers, for children and for families. »
— Lorraine Pagé, CEQ President
On January 23, 1997, Louise Beaudoin presented this policy to us, entitled Children at the heart of our choices.
Report by Louise Beaudouin on the announcement by Pauline Marois of the outline of her family policy. The news bulletin is hosted by Bernard Derome.
In her report, the journalist gives concrete examples of the changes that this reform allows us to hope for.
For example, a self-employed woman could not be entitled to maternity leave. Following the implementation of the new model, she will be entitled to 75% of her net salary for a period of 18 weeks.
It tells me that I could perhaps think of having children without risking closing my company, says Nathalie Courville, self-employed and freelancer.
By consolidating family allowances into a single , low-income families will receive much more from Quebec. This is what Pauline Marois explained to host Pierre Maisonneuve during the program Maisonneuve listening on January 23, 1997.
In this interview, the Minister of Education and the Family goes into detail on the calculation of the new allowances and the implementation of the new daycare services at $5 per day.
The purpose of the reform was to ensure equal opportunities for all children in Quebec by offering quality childcare services at low cost.
Le Téléjournal, January 23, 1997
It was from the 1997 family policy that Quebec children aged five years started attending kindergarten full time. A request made in the 1960s in the Parent report on education in Quebec.
Some 85,000 children who start kindergarten full time, that calls for a reorganization in the schools , who must find new premises.
“We are going to relocate 6th grade classes. We look in community centers, church basements, in some cases even shopping malls. »
— Diane Drouin, Federation of Quebec School Boards
“We are entering an era where we must take into account the new reality of parents. »
— Jacques Lisée, Federation of Family Unions of Quebec
Twenty years after the adoption of this family policy, journalist Maxime Bertrand discusses the impact of the establishment of the CPE network in a report presented on Téléjournal on May 20, 2017.< /p>
Report by journalist Maxime Bertrand on the 20th anniversary of Early Childhood Centers, CPE. How this child care network has changed the lives of many children and their parents. The news bulletin is hosted by Céline Galipeau.
No less than 75,000 women were able to return to the labor market after the birth of their children. The CPE attendance rate for preschool children has tripled in ten years.
As Maxime Bertrand explains, the percentage of women aged 20 to 44 who entered the labor market increased from 76% to 85% between 1997 and 2016. In the other Canadian provinces, the increase was less marked, from 78% to 80%.
However, the network also has detractors, as child care costs have skyrocketed from $221 million in 1997 to $2.5 billion dollars in 2017.
There is currently a shortage of 37,000 places to complete the CPE network, and the CAQ government has committed in 2021 to investing three billion dollars in here 2024-2025 to get there.
“Offering child care services at a reduced price has allowed many women leaders to single-parent families to access the labor market, because the income they drew from it was sufficient to cover childcare costs. »
— Pauline Marois
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