Archive | The Anik satellite to conquer the Far North
Launched in the fall of 1972, the Anik satellite is one of a series of three geostationary satellites intended for telecommunications in Canada.
50 years ago, the 9 November 1972, Canada became the first country in the world to use a geostationary satellite for its telecommunications. Reports from our archives highlight the launch of the Anik satellite, which will notably make it possible to reach the populations of the Canadian Far North.
With the deployment of the Anik geostationary satellite, Canada is entering the space age. Ten years earlier, he had distinguished himself with the launch of the first satellite in space, Alouette, alongside the two great powers in the conquest of space: the United States and the USSR.
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Host Joël Le Bigot announces the deployment of the Anik satellite, the first in a series of three geostationary satellites for Canadian telecommunications.
The Anik satellite is the first in a series of three, tells us host Joël Le Bigot on the news bulletin Actualités 24 of November 9, 1972. Two other launches are already planned in 1973 and 1974 from the NASA base located at Cape Kennedy in Florida. Canada is thus well on its way to exploring this new market.
Owned by the private company Telesat Canada, the geostationary satellite represents the first milestone of a national communication system. that will allow the telephone and television to reach the most remote corners of the north of the country.
Of the twelve channels available on Anik, the Société Radio-Canada reserved three in order to expand its television network and broadcast its programs in French and English in the Canadian Far North from the beginning of 1973.< /p>
Reporting on space research in Canada and innovations such as the Anik satellite, the first geostationary satellite for domestic purposes.< /p>
October 29, 1972, the program The arrow of timeoffers us a complete report on all the progress embodied by the Anik satellite.
In the field of satellite telecommunications, Canada takes the lead with the launch of Anik, says the journalist Paul-Émile Tremblay the representative of Télésat Henri de Puyjalon.
All of the satellites launched previously by Canada are working very well and have provided the information expected of them to better understand the ionosphere, that upper layer of the atmosphere conducive to telecommunications.
Even more sophisticated with its twelve channels and its rotation in harmony with that of the Earth, the Anik satellite – which means little brother in Inuktitut – represents another step in this field.
Among other firsts, a Canadian team based in Ottawa will take charge of the maneuvers to place Anik in its orbit, more than 35,000 km from Earth.
Ground stations are designed to receive broadcasts from Anik satellites.
Thirty-seven ground stations were then put into service to relay Anik's signals and thus meet different objectives.
First, there is the need to meet telecommunications needs in the Far North, which practically do not exist. Through its communication possibilities, Anik could notably facilitate prospecting and development of the mining industry.
Anik satellite channels have also been reserved by telephone companies to ensure long-range communications from north to south, but also from east to west. country.
Alain Turrens, from the Communications Research Center of Canada (CRC), finally discusses in this report the next big technology that will be developed in Canada in cooperation with the United States.
The STT satellite will have a high-power transmitter that can accommodate much smaller stations on the ground and much less expensive to set up.
Excerpt from a long report by journalist Henri Crusène on the advent of television in the Far North. The program is narrated by host Bernard Derome.
On July 1, 1973, a few months after Anik's deployment, the special program The Arctic at the hour of television examines the advent of this technology in the Canadian Far North.
Yesterday, the hunter came to barter his pelts for sugar, flour, tea, hunting rifle or any other product necessary for his subsistence, narrates host Bernard Derome.
Now it's color TVs that are all the rage at the counter at Hudson's Bay in Inuvik, Northwest Territories.
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“While some prices are sometimes double or triple those of our big cities, the cost of a television does not seem to scare the customer away. »
— Host Bernard Derome
In a report shot on location, journalist Henri Crusène shows us a customer fixing the box of his new television to the back of his snowmobile.
Hudson's Bay saleswomen confirm that a lot of color television sets are sold, and probably even more among Aboriginal customers. White people bring their television from the South, explains saleswoman Jacquie Couture.
The hours of sunshine are very short and, with the intense cold of winter, it is very appreciable to to have TV shows, says supplier Michel Fournier.
I believe that Anik's arrival will have a great influence on the economic future of the Yukon, believes Raoul St-Julien, the manager of the CFWH radio station in Whitehorse. This bright economic future will allow industry and even government agencies to bring personnel to our region.
Television is thus a way for workers from the South to entertain themselves and maintain a connection with the world. And what about indigenous populations?
There has been much talk, since the advent of television in the Yukon and the Northwest Territories, of programs designed and produced by Aboriginal people , declares Bernard Derome.
In 1973, for the majority of the 60,000 inhabitants dispersed across the immense and desert territories of the Arctic region, television was only a distant dream. Owning a local radio remains a minimum that takes priority over this new technology, however attractive it may be.
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