Art gallery in the style of the Simmons. Scientists discover new geoglyphs in Peru
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The Nazca Desert in Peru is like an art gallery for the gods. But even after decades of research, scientists have barely explored a small wing of this fading collection of giants among the rocks.
Drone and aerial surveys in southern Peru have discovered 168 new geoglyphs at the Nazca Lines World Heritage Site. Approximately 50 of these large-scale geographic drawings depict humanoid figures, according to Science Alert.
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It is believed that scientists have found only 5 percent of all Nazca paintings in the desert. Researchers at Yamagata University in Japan are now working with local archaeologists to change this, and the number of ancient lineages they have uncovered is nearly double that of previous known specimens.
One of the humanoid depictions even appears to have some facial hair Simpsons style.
Some of the other designs embossed into the landscape show birds, killer whales, cats and snakes. Some of them are just simple lines or trapezoidal patterns.
It is difficult to say when the drawings were made, but clay pots found along the lines date back to between 100 BC and 100 BC. e. and 300 years a.d. e.
Many of the old images are on level ground, making them difficult to see from nearby vantage points. Erosion made the lines difficult to open, as rocks and debris were removed to create them. Soil of a contrasting color was exposed in this way.
“The Nazca Lines” is one of the most interesting mysteries of history, and even if archaeologists find more, it's not certain that it will bring us closer to understanding their purpose.
For some unknown reason, between 500 B.C. e. and 500 AD. e. Societies in southern Peru created simple lines, shapes, and patterns in the landscape, many of which can only be seen in their entirety directly from above.
These geoglyphs have been interpreted in many ways for decades, but the most common explanation is that they are intended for the gods in the sky who looked down on the people from above. Another popular theory suggests that these figures and patterns are drawn for ritualistic astronomical purposes and must somehow reflect the stars.
In 1994, when part of the Nazca desert was recognized as a World Heritage Site, only about 30 geoglyphs were found, and they mainly depicted plants and animals.
As it turned out, this was just the tip of the iceberg. By 2019, archaeologists had found about 200 geoglyphs, some of which depicted humanoid figures.
Thanks to these latest additions, discovered by researchers at Yamagata University, the official number of known Nazca lines is now 358.
Courtesy of the Ministry of Culture of Peru, scientists from Yamagata pursued the goal of counting as many of these mysterious drawings as possible.