Valery LEBOVKA, “FACTS”
Scientists of the Medical school of the University of Oregon health and science in Portland (Oregon) has developed a new mechanism for monitoring blood sugar and automatically replenish its insulin in patients with type I diabetes.
The results of their work, the researchers shared in a monthly online journal Nature Metabolism, writes TASS.
The body of patients with type I diabetes is unable to produce insulin, which is the main natural heat excess sugar. For this reason, before endocrinologists are two major tasks — to monitor the level of glucose in the blood of patients and on the basis of the data obtained to inject insulin in that concentration which will not allow either to lower the sugar levels below the natural level, nor to allow him to remain above normal.
The mechanism proposed by the researchers of the University of Oregon, is almost perfect, this group of patients: injection device with insulin, adjustable remotely on a wireless basis and responsive to the obtained with the help of artificial intelligence (AI) information about the concentration of sugar in the blood.
The new technique greatly expanded the ability of patients to monitor their condition on the screen of a smartphone, say the authors. The package of information received and the name of DailyDose. This feature allows patients online to control their physiological data without using more than to any other manipulations.
The special role of the proposed method scientists see the prevention of such terrible complications in the treatment of type I diabetes, such as hypoglycaemia. Reducing the level of sugar in the blood can lead to the development of coma or death. Continuous monitoring will warn about terminal States, the researchers conclude.
“Our system is unique, — said the author of the project, an employee of the Medical school of the University of Oregon health and science Nicole Tyler (Tyler Nikole). — We have developed the algorithm of functioning of AI with the help of special mathematical models to analyze and make decisions while at the level of an endocrinologist, but in the future we hope that the faux “doctor” will surpass the intelligence of physicians“.
This technique, according to scientists, greatly facilitate the life of patients who currently can afford a visit to a specialist no more frequently than once a period of time from three to six months that is recommended by medical authorities.
Because such a long period of time patients may develop severe complications, and blood sugar levels — either increase or decrease, permanent monitoring of patients, according to the researchers, may play a significant role in the maintenance of their comfortable existence.
“Our group studied and the results of other studies on the subject, adds Peter Jacobs (Peter Jacobs), co-author, Professor, Department of biomedical engineering the University of Oregon health and science. — But very few of them contains verified statistical data and comparative data between the experimental and the tried and tested methods of endocrinologists“.
Recall that diabetes is a chronic disease of the endocrine system that occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. There are several types of this disease. The first type — insulin-dependent when the life of man it is necessary to do injections of this hormone. This kind of disease appears in childhood, to prevent it.
When the type II diabetes — non-insulin dependent — the body cannot properly use the insulin it produces, often as a result of overweight and lack of physical activity. This type is diagnosed in 90% of patients.
According to the world health organization (who), worldwide more than 420 million people live with diabetes. This disease is the seventh most common cause of mortality.
Earlier, the “FACTS” he wrote that a study conducted by Exeter University showed how to reverse the diabetes tide.