At least 100 dead in clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan
< p class="sc-v64krj-0 knjbxw">Relatives of soldiers, who were injured in border clashes, gather outside a hospital in Yerevan.
A hundred Armenian and Azerbaijani soldiers were killed in the fighting on Tuesday. violence since the start of the war between the two countries in 2020. The international community calls on both sides for “restraint” and a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
Fifty Azerbaijani soldiers were killed following a large-scale Armenian provocation on the border between the two countries, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry announced in a statement in the evening.
For his part, the Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan reported in the morning that 49 Armenian soldiers were killed during an intervention before the Parliament in Yerevan, while specifying that this was not x27; is unfortunately not the definitive number.
The two countries accuse each other of initiating the hostilities.
This eruption of violence comes as Moscow, which has deployed a peacekeeping force in the region after the 2020 war, is busy with the difficulties of its military offensive in Ukraine.
If Russia has announced a ceasefire in effect since 10 a.m. of Baku), Azerbaijan in the afternoon accused Armenia of intensely violating it.
Despite a ceasefire […], units of the Armenian Armed Forces […] opened artillery fire against Azerbaijani army positions on the border between the two country, said the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry, reporting on the response measures to these shots.
An Armenian soldier monitors Azerbaijan's positions from cover at a frontline combat position in the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh (file).
Earlier today , Baku has however assured that it has fulfilled all its objectives in the fighting on the border with Armenia.
Despite a sharp decrease in the intensity of the shelling, the enemy continues to try to advance, the Armenian Defense Ministry had indicated.
Armenia and Azerbaijan, two rival ex-Soviet republics in the Caucasus, have fought each other in two wars over the past three decades for control of the Nagorny Karabakh region, the latest which took place in 2020.
The new fighting, which broke out in the night, illustrates how the situation remains explosive.
Mr. Pashinian called on the international community to react, during talks with several foreign leaders, including Russian Presidents Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron.
The Union European Union called for a cessation of hostilities and announced that the President of the European Council Charles Michel, who is leading a mediation between Yerevan and Baku, would discuss with the two belligerents.
US Foreign Minister Antony Blinken called on the leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia to urge them to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has called on both countries to take immediate action to defuse tensions.
Russia is extremely concerned and calls for restraint, Kremlin adviser Yuri Ushakov told reporters.
The Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), a military alliance led by Moscow, met Tuesday evening by videoconference with the participation of Vladimir Putin, at the request of Yerevan , according to the Kremlin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin takes part in an extraordinary meeting of the Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) devoted to the border clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
M. Putin is personally involved and is making every effort to help reduce tensions, the Kremlin said.
If clashes between the two countries regularly occur along their common border since the end of the 2020 war, Tuesday's fighting is an unprecedented event.
The escalation is the consequence of an impasse in the peace talks, says analyst Tatoul Hakobian, for whom the conflict in Ukraine has changed the balance of forces in the region, Russia , support of Armenia, being in bad shape.
According to him, Baku would like to take advantage of this situation to obtain concessions from Armenia as soon as possible.< /p>
But for Farid Shafiev, president of the Center for Analysis of International Relations in Baku, a major obstacle to peace is simply the illegal presence of Armenian soldiers in Azerbaijan, in reference to Nagorny Karabakh.
Historically complicated relations between Yerevan and Baku continue to be poisoned by their dispute over Nagorny Karabakh, a predominantly Armenian-populated enclave that seceded from Azerbaijan with the support of of Armenia.
After a first war that claimed more than 30,000 lives in the early 1990s, Armenia and Azerbaijan clashed again in the fall of 2020 for control of this mountainous region.
More than 6500 people were killed in this new war, lost by Armenia.
As part of a ceasefire agreement then brokered by Moscow, which deployed soldiers of peacekeeping in Nagorno Karabakh, Yerevan ceded important territories to Azerbaijan.
This outcome was experienced as a humiliation in Armenia.