At the UN, the Secretary General denounces a “colossal” cooperation deficit

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&Agrave at the UN, the Secretary General denounces a “colossal”cooperation deficit”

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres speaks during the 77th session of the UN General Assembly.

Faced with a “cascade of crises”, from the war in Ukraine to the escalating cost of living, governments and multilateral organizations must make tackling the climate crisis their priority, said the Secretary General of the 'UN, Antonio Guterres, in his opening speech at the 77th Annual General Assembly, in New York.

In front of an audience of leaders from around the world for this diplomatic high mass , the UN boss lamented that climate action is being put on the back burner while the climate crisis is the definitive problem of our time.

He denounced intentions and actions that are too unambitious on the part of governments, noting that global greenhouse gas emissions are on track to increase by 14% this decade when they should be reduced by 45% by 'by 2030 to have any hope of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.

“We have a date with climate catastrophe.

— Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary General

I saw it with my own eyes in Pakistan, where a third of the country is submerged after a monsoon spike on steroids.

In Pakistan, floods since June have killed more than 1,000 people and forced the evacuation of nearly 180,000 homes.

We see this everywhere, added the Secretary General.

“Over the past year, we have seen the worst heat wave on European soil since the Middle Ages and droughts of a rare magnitude in the United States and China.

— Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary General

No region is spared. And we haven't seen anything yet, he warned. The hottest summers today may be the coolest summers tomorrow. Once-in-a-lifetime climate shocks could soon become annual events.

Mr. Guterres particularly protests against the injustice and inequalities linked to climate change.

The G20 is responsible for 80% of GHG emissions. But [it is] the poorest and most vulnerable – those who have contributed least to this crisis – who are bearing the most brutal consequences.

This is why he urges the richest countries to tax the exceptional profits of the fossil fuel sector in order to redistribute them to the countries that are victims of the impacts of climate change.

Today, I call on all developed economies to tax the windfall profits of fossil fuel companies and redirect [these taxes] in two ways: to countries that suffer loss and damage caused by the climate crisis and to populations struggling with rising food and energy prices, said Antonio Guterres.

Polluters must pay, hammered Mr. Guterres.

The issue of compensation for loss and damage caused by climate change is expected to be a major topic at COP27 in November.

At the last UN climate conference in Glasgow, the rich countries blocked this demand for compensation from the countries of the South, promising only the launch of a dialogue on this issue until 2024.

A few days ago, the group of least developed countries, which brings together 46 developing countries, put this claim back on the table by calling for the establishment of a financing mechanism to deal with the damage caused by global warming.

It is high time to move beyond these endless discussions, argued Antonio Guterres. Vulnerable countries need meaningful action.

Antonio Guterres gave the example of the ship Brave Commander, which carried 23,000 tons of Ukrainian wheat to his arrival in Ethiopia last month.

But progress on the climate file, like other issues like global peace and the cost of living, is being crippled by colossal global dysfunction and geopolitical tensions, Guterres said.

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According to him, these tensions undermine the work of the UN Security Council, international law, people's trust in democratic institutions and most forms of international cooperation.< /p>

The reality is that we live in a world where the logic of cooperation and dialogue is the only possible way, he argued.

These crises threaten the very future of humanity and the fate of the planet, he said. Let us have no illusions […]. A winter of global discontent looms on the horizon.

In a rare note of hope, Mr. Guterres pointed to the agreement reached between Russia and the Ukraine, under the aegis of Turkey and the United Nations, which allowed the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports.

He hailed the unlikely deal that brought desperately needed aid to those in need and lowered prices for consumers around the world.

L' Ukraine and the Russian Federation – with the support of Turkey – have joined forces to achieve this despite enormous complexities. Some might call it a miracle on the sea. In reality, it is multilateral diplomacy in action, assured the UN chief.

Emmanuel Macron has called for rejecting the “imperialism” represented by Russia in the context of its invasion of Ukraine.< /p>

Let us not resign ourselves to the fracture of the world, for his part launched French President Emmanuel Macron during his speech, urging world leaders to reject the new order of division that imperialist Russia seeks to impose with the war in Ukraine .

In a sometimes fiery plea that contrasted with the calm tone of speeches to the United Nations General Assembly, the French president called for the invention of new cooperation to meet the challenges facing the world, from conflicts to climate change to pandemics.

The situation of our planet increases our demands, he declared, saying that he hoped for a collective start to build a new contract between the North and the South.

This imperative is made d& #x27;all the more urgent by the war in Ukraine unleashed by Russia and its President Vladimir Putin. We all have a role in stopping it, because we all pay the price, he said.

What we have been witnessing since February 24 is a return to the age of imperialisms and colonies, insisted Emmanuel Macron. Now, who is hegemonic today, if not Russia?.

The French Head of State has thus sought to dismantle the x27;idea that the war in Ukraine is a regional conflict that results from the opposition between the West and Russia and, beyond that, the rest of the world. As a result, many capitals, in Africa, Asia or the Middle East, refuse to condemn Moscow.

Destroyed churches in the village of Bohorodychne in Kramatorsk, Donetsk region

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is also in New York. He is due to take part in a series of meetings on Tuesday and Wednesday, including one that will lay the groundwork for COP15, the next UN conference on biodiversity, which will take place in December in Montreal.

For his part, the Canadian ambassador to the United Nations, Bob Rae, has argued that providing hope in the face of disaster is the raison d'être of the United Nations .

However, this proves difficult when disasters seem to continue unabated, he acknowledged.

The problem we are grappling with is this incredible cascade of crises, Mr. Rae said.

We have to give hope, he said. We must demonstrate that we can act to change things. And that's the approach Canadians are taking around the world.

Prime Minister Trudeau will attend a conference on Wednesday of contributors to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, to which Canada has pledged $4 billion since 2002. Activists at home have urged the prime minister to pledge An additional $1.2 billion this year alone.

A total of 157 leaders will speak in the next week at this UN General Debate , held in person for the first time since 2019.

This gathering of world leaders was entirely virtual in 2020 due to the pandemic and a hybrid format was adopted last year .

This year, the 193-member General Assembly is returning to in-person speeches only. Only one exception was granted for Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky for reasons beyond his control, namely the ongoing foreign invasion.

Despite objections from Russia and some allies , the assembly voted last Friday to authorize the Ukrainian leader to pre-record his speech.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, for his part, is a notable absentee from this grand- diplomatic mass, as did his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping.

United States President Joe Biden will speak on Wednesday morning, a departure from tradition that the host country of the United Nations united be the second to speak. This change was made necessary by the holding of the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II, which Mr. Biden attended.

With information from La Presse canadienne, and Agence France-Presse

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