August 5 — Trochym Bezsonnyk: history, traditions and omens of the holiday

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August 5, 2022, 06:09 | Culture

Today you cannot cut down the trunk and branches of a viburnum – to misfortune in your personal life.

August 5 — Trochym Bezsonnyk: history, traditions and omens of the holiday

The pages of the Orthodox calendar are full of religious holidays revered by believers around the world. One of them is celebrated on August 5, when the memory of the martyrs Trochym, Theophilus and 13 martyrs with them are commemorated. The Martyrs suffered at the hands of idolaters during the reign of Emperor Diocletian. For their sincere faith, humility and love for the Most High, the martyrs were awarded the title of saint, informs Ukr.Media.

Among the people, the date received another name, more pleasant to the ears of ordinary people – Trochym Bezsonnyk. During this period of time, workers had to get up as early as possible in order to have time to do many things. They usually worked until late at night, not getting enough sleep and not having the opportunity to regain their strength.

History of the lives of the great martyrs

Information about the life path of the victims was lost in the pages of history and did not reach our times. It is known that they lived during the reign of Gaius Aurelius Diocletian, the Roman dictator and despot. He was distinguished by his fiery character, bad temper and intolerance towards dissenting citizens. Being a pagan, he began a massive bloody persecution of Christians, ordered the destruction of churches and the burning of icons, books, scriptures, and objects of religious value.

The emperor's henchmen learned that a group of people led by Trochimus and Theophilus were preaching the teachings of Christ and calling on idolaters to renounce heresy. They were immediately brought to court before the ruler, first persuading and enticing with speeches, and then threatening with massacre. The believers remained steadfast. For disobedience, they were brutally punished so that blood flowed from their bodies, flooding the floor of the hall. After all the torture, the legs of the martyrs were cut off and they were thrown alive into the fire to teach a lesson to those watching the punishment process. All this time, the brothers prayed incessantly, not for their own salvation, but for the Lord's forgiveness of sinners. They came out of the flames on their feet, whole and unharmed, glorifying Jesus and the Heavenly Father. Enraged, Diocletian ordered the immediate beheading of the heretics, and they instantly gave their souls to God without feeling torment.

Traditions and rites of the holiday

Trochim Insomnia is a time of hard and tiring work from early morning until late at night. The good owner had no time to rest – he had to reap, mow, and look after the yard. Not only the older generation worked. Children and young people also got up with the sun and went to the forest to pluck berries and pick berries.

Viburnum was especially valued for its medicinal properties. Folk doctors made an alcoholic infusion from the bark of a tree, which was excellent as a hemostatic agent, for convulsions, nervous disorders and skin diseases. Red berries were used for stomach diseases and obvious vitamin deficiency. In addition, viburnum is a tonic and diuretic. And from the juice, which has excellent gelling properties, skillful housewives prepared lozenge and marmalade.

Special attention was paid to weather changes. Thus, fog by evening promised good weather for the next day, and a bright starry night – the rainy season. It is also believed that if precipitation fell on Trokhym, then the saint himself helps the peasants in their work, protects and protects them from troubles.

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