Australia: fauna and flora more than ever threatened

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Australia: Wildlife at greater risk than ever

The 2019-2020 bushfires killed or displaced 1-3 billion people ;animals.

The 2019-20 bushfires killed or displaced 1-3 billion animals in Australia.

Australia's unique flora and fauna are at greater risk than ever from wildfires, drought, human activity and global warming, says a “shocking” government report released on Tuesday.

The damage picture drawn up by the scientific report is considerable. Since the turn of the 20th century, Australia's average land temperature has increased by 1.4 degrees Celsius due to global warming, accelerating the deterioration of flora and fauna.

Environment Minister Tanya Plibersek has described a shocking document. It tells a story of crisis and decline in Australia's environment, she claimed.

The 2019-2020 bushfires burned over 8 million hectares of vegetation and killed or displaced one to three billion animals in the country, according to the main findings of the report.

Ocean heatwaves caused massive coral bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef in 2016, 2017 and 2020. Since then, a government report released in March found that the reef had experienced massive bleaching again.

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Conservation activists protest outside the Victorian state parliament in Melbourne following the release of the report on the state of the environment in Australia.

Millions of hectares of virgin forest have also been destroyed since 1990.

Same for more than 7 million hectares of #x27;habitat of threatened species between 2000 and 2017, the report continues.

In five years, more than 200 plant and animal species of national significance have been listed as endangered under Australian environmental laws.

Australia has lost more mammal species than any other continent, the report says, with the number of new species listed as threatened increasing by 8% in five years.

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Australian cities are also growing at a rapid pace, report says, leading to increased heat, pollution and urban waste, while putting a strain on resources in water and energy.

Sydney has lost more than 70% of its native vegetation to development, the report asserts.

The findings of this report are heartbreaking, and the governance failures that have led to losses of this magnitude are devastating, said outraged Rachel Lowry, acting chief executive of WWF-Australia.

If we ignore the warnings of this report, iconic species like the koalas of eastern Australia or our largest gliding mammal, the great glider, will disappear forever, she warned.

According to the WWF, the report is expected to be a turning point leading to greater investment and tougher laws to protect Australia's wildlife.

The country is particularly affected by climate change, regularly hit by droughts, devastating forest fires, not to mention repeated floods ed and increasingly important.

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