Beautiful and stubborn. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson – 1% blatnyak, 99% – lyrics

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Beautiful and obstinate. Ukrainian chanson phenomenon — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

What is Ukrainian chanson, what does Alexander Vertinsky have to do with its appearance and why are Oleg Vinnik and Olya Polyakova among the singers of this genre

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Perhaps the shortest and most complete definition of chanson is that of Konstantin Kazansky, a French singer-songwriter of Bulgarian origin and arranger of Vysotsky's French albums. He says that chanson is music around words. That is, the main focus is on poetry. As for the musical component, these are different forms of folk songs: urban romance, prison ballads, satirical couplets. 

From the street to the tavern, or Where did the chanson genre come from

The encyclopedia says: “Chanson (fr. chanson  – song)  is a French pop song in the cabaret style.” Cabaret – small cafes in Montmartre, where there was a musical program. The chanson genre itself appeared in Paris at the end of the 19th century after the ban on singing at square fairs. So the popular stage moved to cafe-shantany. The first star of the genre was Aristide Bruant (1851-1925), who performed sentimental and satirical poems about the life of the lower classes with minimal instrumental accompaniment – piano or accordion. He has many compositions about unfortunate prostitutes, waitresses, orphans. In the texts he used elements of slang – the language of the Parisian punks. Bruant had a catchy image: a wide-brimmed black hat, a black velor suit, a red scarf. His image was captured by the outstanding artist Toulouse-Lautrec on his posters, which are now classified as masterpieces.

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Bruan, performing things about beggars, will get rich in eight years, leave to travel, buy a mansion, get servants and will mess around in garden. But in 1923 he triumphantly returns to the stage and at the age of 72 he will give a concert in Paris – his songs, it turns out, have not been forgotten. Later, Edith Piaf, Yves Montand, Charles Aznavour and Salvatore Adamo will become the stars of the direction he founded.

Alexander Vertinsky: the first Kyiv chansonnier

In 1925, a Russian chansonnier will appear in Paris – our resident of Kiev Alexander Vertinsky (1889–1951). In Kyiv, he sang in the costume of Pierrot (white makeup on his face), then he appeared in the form of an aristocrat in a tuxedo. Complete minimalism on the stage: Vertinsky and the piano with an accompanist  are everything!

Chanson is music around words

singer-songwriter, composer Konstantin Kazansky

He gave his first concert in 1915. He dedicated some of his early songs to the movie star – Ukrainian Vera Kholodnaya (actress originally from Poltava region, maiden name – Levchenko): “Little Creole”, “Your Fingers Smell of Incense”, “Purple Negro”. Those who watched the popular TV movie “The meeting place cannot be changed” will remember how Vladimir Vysotsky, as Zheglov, effectively performed a fragment from the last song, accompanying himself on the piano: “And, perhaps, in the dens of San Francisco, a purple black man served you a manto.”< /p>

It should be noted that the fate of a woman was at the center of most of Vertinsky's songs (as was the case with the founders of the genre – the French): “Legless”, “Cocaine”, “God's Ball”. Not only in a pathetic or tragic style, but also in an ironic one: “How good it is without women and without phrases, without bitter words and sweet kisses, without those sweet, too honest eyes that lie to you and are still jealous of you” (“Without Women” ).

Beautiful and The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

< p>Having fled from the Bolsheviks in 1920, already by 1925 Vertinsky ended up in Paris, where he became insanely popular, pushing the chanson genre a few more steps forward. Charlie Chaplin, Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, the Prince of Wales, the Rothschilds and the Morgans attended his performances at the Kazbek restaurant in Montmartre. Vertinsky captivated the audience with his elegant manner of performance, enhancing the impression with the help of gestures and facial expressions and, as it were, “showing” the heroes of his compositions.

Bard song

In the late 1950s and 1960s in the USSR, Bulat Okudzhava and Alexander Galich were the first to compose in the romance style a la Vertinsky on seven-string guitars. Okudzhava strongly influenced Vysotsky, who at the beginning of his career wrote and sang several dozen bright thieves' songs to the same seven-string, using thieves' slang.

Ukrainian chanson is much less imprisoned for thieves. It has a criminal theme – one percent, and in Russian – fifty

chansonnier Alexander Yaremenko

Amateur song clubs (KSP) appeared all over the country, where they mainly composed on tourist topics. Yury Vizbor became the leader of this direction. And in the 1980s, a new star lit up in the sky of the author's song, as this genre was then called, – Alexander Rosenbaum, who, like Vysotsky, in addition to a series of stylized thieves' compositions, created song cycles: “Cossack”, “military”, ” St. Petersburg”, etc.

Russian chanson

In order to give the blatnyak an official status, in the mid-1990s, a producer from St. Petersburg, Alexander Frumin, introduced the term “Russian chanson”, although the concept of chanson russe has existed since the time of Vertinsky and denoted emigrants singing in Russian who performed and recorded in France. For example, Alyosha Dmitrievich (1913–1986) is an incendiary Russian singer of gypsy origin, he was called the “Gypsy King of Russian Paris”.

Now, criminal performers, primarily the popular Tver bard Mikhail Krug, were associated with this term. Russian radio stations specializing in this material appeared – “Night Taxi” and “Chanson”. Radio Chanson (Ukraine) also started in 1998  ukrainskogo-shansona-1-blatnjaka-99-liriki-09afed8.jpg” alt=”Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics” />

Beautiful and The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

If Vysotsky was the reference point for Krug, then his imitators gave rise to a commercial blatnyak, where there were many passing artists who skillfully used chanson stamps . Today, this stream has subsided.

Ukrainian chanson: beautiful and obstinate

In the 1990s, Ukrainian chanson spun off from the Russian chanson – with its own characteristic features. For our performers, creativity is much less connected with thieves' themes. In 1992-1993, two songs appeared, from which the Ukrainian chanson began. This is “Kiev” by Garik Krichevsky and “Falcon” by Vyacheslav Khursenko.

In our chanson, the story often revolves around a woman. In these songs, each of our Roksolana wants to find her Sultan Suleiman

singer Anya Zhulina

Krichevsky himself does not like to theorize, therefore, in the comment Focus was extremely brief: “Honestly, for me, chanson is just a conventional name for music with meaning, songs that have content.” In his answer contains a direct reference to the definition that “chanson is music around words”, that is, the main thing in such compositions is the content.

Let's analyze the content of “Kievyanka”. In & nbsp; the chorus there are the following lines: “A woman from Kiev, a woman from Kiev, a girl from Kiev” – neither a confused woman, nor a thief, nor a gypsy, but a simple Ukrainian woman is beautiful. Is it that the lyrical hero Garik, before arriving in the capital, imagined that the women of Kiev were completely confused and thieves? Of course not. Then where did such a poetic incident come from? Perhaps Krichevsky with this line refused to use the hackneyed cliches of chanson in his song, according to which the listed categories of fatal ladies must be present in the song. But he accurately characterizes the real resident of the capital as beautiful and obstinate. Let's remember this feature. According to the plot, a “simple Ukrainian girl” cheated on her husband with a lyrical hero, the husband caught them and started a “difficult and unnecessary conversation.”

In a conversation with FocusKrichevsky notes an important feature of chanson — in the song is often spoken in the first person, and it doesn't matter whether the story being told actually happened to the author or it's just his imagination.

Beautiful and The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

< p>The plot of the song “Falcon” by Khursenko begins with the fact that the lyrical hero was abandoned by his wife, leaving him two sons:

“The feast was spinning” in the wind, and I guessed that indignation, my love left me in me. Viimali stings from the breasts of the eyes of my two children, and all my love poured down on them.”

Although this thing is in the first person, but the widow of the artist Olga Khursenko (the singer passed away in 2009 at the age of 43, falling into the water while fishing due to a coma caused by diabetes) assures that the song was written under the impression of the story the personal history of the famous singer Vasily Zinkevich, who single-handedly raised two sons. And although the woman is mentioned once in this poignant song, her act and reaction to it is the semantic center of the hit. Having heard this composition at the “Song Vernissage” competition, touched Sofia Rotaru gave it to the author of the Grand Prix.

Our answer to Morgenstern

In Russian chanson, the theme of crime began to disappear only in 2008-2009 with the advent of Stas Mikhailov and Elena Vaenga. But our chanson stars, which can often be heard on Radio Chanson (Ukraine), had a strong lyrical component from the very beginning. One of the most popular Ukrainian chansonniers is Oleksandr Yaremenko, he is the author of 800 songs. Despite the thematic diversity of his songs, it is the lyrical compositions that are most popular with him: “The Snow Queen” (“Like an impregnable maiden, the Snow Queen looks”), “Her Majesty the Woman” (“You won't even tell me I'm sorry, but just play with me “), “Walking by myself” (“Ta-ri-ri-ri ta-ri-ri-ram, my heart is broken in half, ta-ri-ri-ri ta-ri-ri-ram, today I drink and walk by myself”) .

Beautiful and The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

< p>“Yes, in my songs the emphasis is on lyrics. Ukrainian chanson is really much less imprisoned for blatnyak, ” – tells Focus Yaremenko. – In the  criminal-themed Ukrainian chanson – one percent, and in the Russian –fifty.                                   There is already a rock chanson, a rap chanson, a pop chanson. In the latter, for example, Oleg Vinnik works. “According to him, now in Ukraine they are creating a “Chanson Club”, under the brand name of which they want to organize festivals, competitions, concert tours.

“We need to develop different directions of chanson, while maintaining moral postulates. We must create an alternative to Morgenstern,” the singer chuckles. Music can give such a guide. “Chanson Club” is designed to convey to the audience that chanson today is not thieves' songs, it is much wider. But this is not easy to do. According to the musician, “the chanson genre is conservative, although Radio Chanson and Radio Friday are looking for new forms to capture a large audience.”

Whoever gushes lyricism in his work is the chansonnier Mikhail Gritskan. In his hit “Hug” it sounds: “Sweet, sweet, greedy and tender, you are mine, you are my whole Universe.” Although the Universe is greedy… Here lies the same formula discovered by Garik Krichevsky: beautiful and obstinate. And in the song “Dai Du Dai” such a characteristic of the lady of the heart: “You are my ninth wave!” That is, it will cover it.

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and Phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

“Ukrainian chanson has a lot of feeling, – admits FocusMikhail Gritskan.&nbsp – I say this at my concerts: a woman for me is not the second half, but the first. Because it is the woman who gives life on Earth. The woman is the nerve, the experience, the trembling. and the lead role in my songs”.

Regarding “greedy and tender”, he remarks with a laugh: “Ukrainian women are the best women in the world. They are the most beautiful, but also the most wayward. We start the day with a woman and end it with her. But we are not henpecked, we do not obey them, but we love them. Alexander Vertinsky, Pyotr Leshchenko & nbsp; – this is all in our cultural code. ” Gritskan also notes the modern omnipresence of chanson: “It seems to me that 80 percent of what is in general today on the Ukrainian stage is chanson. The same Oleg Vinnik and Olya Polyakova.”

As for the performers in Ukrainian chanson, then let's introduce Focus with Anya Zhulina, who released the hit “Woman in Chocolate” in 2019. It reads: “A woman in chocolate with a very respectable uncle knows what he pays for and is even very helpful.” But, despite some pragmatism of the lyrical heroine, there is also such a passage: “She is powerful, she needs a special approach to life. She teases, but sooner or later she will leave.” Krychevsky's formula “beautiful and obstinate” works here too.

Beautiful and obstinate. The phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics

Beautiful and Phenomenon of Ukrainian chanson — 1% blatnyak, 99% — lyrics em> Anya Zhulina. – But I want adjustments in understanding the heroine of my song. What is a “woman in chocolate”? I believe that the heroine of the song  “And she needs a worthy man nearby, who can pay, but not necessarily with money, but with his attention, time and opportunities. This, of course, is an ironic song. There is a long distance between me as a performer and a lyrical heroine.”</p><p> < p>One way or another, in the mass of compositions of the national chanson, the image of a Ukrainian woman appears – charming, but wayward. And this is its hallmark. The image of a woman who, according to Zhulina, is looking for her man.</p><p>“In these songs, each of our Roksolana wants to find her Sultan Suleiman,” Anya makes a witty conclusion. And it's hard to disagree with that.</p>  <script async src=

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