Bog bodies of Europe. Scientists have learned the history of mass graves over 7 thousand years old
send to Telegram
share on Facebook
send to Viber
send to Whatsapp
send to Messenger
An international team of archaeologists has examined more than 1,000 human remains from 266 sites across Europe to uncover the secrets of bog bodies – natural mummies created by peat bogs.
end before they were deliberately thrown into the swamp, according to the Daily Mail.
Focus.Technology has its own Telegram channel. Subscribe to not miss the latest and most interesting news from the world of science!
While some bog bodies are famous for being very well preserved – like the Lindow Man found in a peat bog in Cheshire – this is only a fraction of what has been found.
Researchers also analyzed the bog skeleton and partial remains bones, skin, soft tissues and hair.
Dr Roy van Beek of Wageningen University in the Netherlands said: “Literally thousands of people met their end in the swamps, only to be found again centuries later in peat extraction. Well-preserved examples tell only a small part of this much larger story.”
Study of all types of bog bodies shows that they are part of a thousand-year-old, deeply rooted tradition, the researchers say.
The phenomenon began in southern Scandinavia, around 5000 BC. e., and gradually spread throughout Northern Europe.
Where the cause of death could be determined, most of them seem to have met with a terrible end – in particular, ritual sacrifices, executions and victims of violence.
The causes of death were bruises on the head, cut or stab wounds, hanging, strangulation and shooting. Sources also point to many accidental deaths in swamps, as well as suicides.
The team noted: “If accidental deaths are ruled out, the significant evidence of violent deaths and the large number of reused sites strongly suggest that most human remains finds reflect intentional burials.”
Researchers have also found bog body hotspots. — swampy areas where the remains of several people were found.
In some cases, these finds reflect a single act, for example, the mass burial of people killed in battle.The rest of the swamps were used sporadically, and human remains were accompanied by a wide range of other objects such as animal bones, bronze weapons, or jewelry thought to be ritual sacrifices.
phenomena that tell many stories about important human themes such as violence, religion and tragic loss,” added Dr. van Beek.
The Lindow Man – the best preserved peat bog body found in Britain – still had clear features and even hair and beard when he was dug up in 1984.
Examination of the remains showed that he was about 20 years old, he was of medium height, well built and in good health and lived for about 2000 years back.
A closer examination showed that he suffered from intestinal parasites, and his last meal was unleavened bread.
< p>Theories as to how he was killed include blows to the head, a stranglehold or a possible stab wound to the neck, after which he was laid face down in the water of a peat bog.