Breakthrough in archeology: scientists have found the remains of people who were the first British
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The first Englishmen mainly descended from the inhabitants of the north of Europe, namely from the territories of modern Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands.
Archaeologists have made an important discovery after they analyzed the DNA of human skeletons from the early Middle Ages, which were found throughout England. A new study has shown where the inhabitants of England came from, who first began to identify themselves as English, writes Express.
Archaeologists have studied the DNA of 460 human skeletons that were buried in England between 200 and 1300 AD. The analysis showed that the first official English descended mainly from northern Europeans, the inhabitants of modern Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. The scientists also found that one individual had a genetic link to West Africa, indicating the existence of a diverse and complex culture in England in the early Middle Ages.
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According to Duncan Sayer of the University of Central Lancashire, this study is one of the largest scientific projects to study ancient human DNA in Europe.< /p>
“We have made a real breakthrough in archeology. Our study challenges the way the history of ancient England is now perceived. Our data show that migration played an important role in the formation of modern English people,” says Sayer.
DNA analysis showed significant population changes in England during the Middle Ages, but also scientists were able to identify some individual interesting stories of certain people.
For example, scientists studied the remains of a girl who was buried at the beginning of the 7th century AD and at the time of death she was 10-11 years old. Next to the skeleton, archaeologists found typical grave goods for that time: a pot, a bone comb, a knife and a spoon.
But the most interesting thing is that DNA analysis of this girl showed that a third of her ancestors were from West Africa. And despite her origin, she was buried in the same way as other people of this period were buried. That is, she was treated in the same way as other members of the family, although she had a different background. At the very least, DNA analysis of people buried next to her indicates strong differences.
“The most interesting thing about this study is that it brings to life human stories, relationships between people in the early Middle Ages,” says Sayer.
Next to this girl, scientists found two women whose DNA analysis showed that they are mostly of northern European origin. And most likely these women were the girl's cousins. Many valuable items were found in their graves, which may indicate that they belonged to a wealthy family.
100% Northern European origin was shown by DNA analysis of the remains of a teenage boy, which scientists found in another part of England. Judging by the objects in his grave, most likely his relatives were from Denmark or another region of Scandinavia.
Another burial that scientists studied was interesting in that a brother and sister were buried in it – a boy of 15 years old and a 12 year old girl. In their grave, scientists found objects similar to those found in other studied burials.
“I believe that the migration to the territory of England was not one big event, but consisted of many movements of small groups of people who adapted to new conditions and for the first time began to identify themselves as English, “says Sayer.
As already written by Focus, in the UK, scientists have discovered a 1400-year-old hall of the first kings of East Anglia with many artifacts.
As for other discoveries in archeology, as Focus already wrote, in ancient Egyptian In the temple, scientists have discovered a shrine with evidence of previously unknown rituals.