Canada skeptical about sending an international intervention force to Haiti
Passing through Ottawa, the American Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, tries to convince his counterpart, Mélanie Joly, to take the reins to send an international intervention force to the pearl of the West Indies, in the grip of a deep crisis.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken is visiting Canada for two days. He met with Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly during his stay on Canadian soil.
Canada is currently conducting an “assessment mission in Haiti” to determine how it ” can contribute to the international response” to the humanitarian, health and security crises sweeping the pearl of the Antilles.
Canada and the United States are trying to meet the Haitian government's request for foreign military intervention. The interim Haitian government is managing a country plunged into chaos since the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021.
Both countries say action is needed, but do not disagree. disagree on how to do it.
Accompanied by Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly, the US Secretary said at a press conference Thursday that discussions with Canada on the military intervention in Haiti were still ongoing. I believe more needs to be done to support the Haitian police so that they can regain control of the situation, he said.
“What must be done above all is to resolve the security problem, because, now, the situation is such that gangs occupy public space, whether in Port-au-Prince or elsewhere in the country.
—Antony Blinken, U.S. Secretary of State
Since September, armed groups have blocked access to fuel reserves, leading to shortages of basic commodities, drinking water and medical services. All this through a cholera outbreak.
According to the United Nations, almost half of Haiti's 11 million people are struggling with food insecurity acute, 1.8 million of whom face emergency levels of food insecurity.
Canada and the United States have sent armored vehicles and the United Nations is also considering a military intervention on the ground to restore order. A position supported by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
Antony Blinken continues to press for Canada to lead an international force to stabilize Haiti, besieged by criminal gangs.
But Minister Joly wishes for the moment to focus on humanitarian aid. Right now, it's the people who are suffering in Haiti, so our goal is to help them.
She also explained that, to resolve the political crisis, we had to find solutions to the humanitarian and health crisis. Haiti must be able to receive fuel and drinking water, she added.
Ms. Joly indicated that it was above all necessary to support the authorities on the spot. She also announced that a Canadian mission had gone to Haiti to assess the situation on the ground. We will always support solutions that are found and applied by Haitians, she said.
The minister said she is holding discussions with several partners, including the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the African Union to ensure that there is legitimacy behind a such an approach.
Earlier, the office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs confirmed that a federal government delegation is consulting with Haitian authorities.
“This delegation is currently in Haiti to consult with stakeholders to explore ways to help the Haitian people resolve humanitarian and security crises, as well as determine how Canada can contribute to the international response. »
— Mélanie Joly, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada
Since 2010, Ottawa has provided nearly $2 billion to help strengthen Haitian institutions, including the National Police, also notes the missive from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Trudeau government remains vague about its intentions to deploy soldiers, while the generals of the Canadian Armed Forces denounce a shortage of personnel.
Canada's Ambassador to Haiti, Sébastien Carrière
Last week, the Minister of Defense Anita Anand indicated that Canada could play a role in sending aid to Haiti. She said, however, that Canada must exercise caution before committing.
Last week, Canadian Ambassador to Haiti Sébastien Carrière declared that the lasting solution to the security problem in Haiti is to strengthen the National Police of Haiti. #x27;Haiti [PNH].
In an interview on the show Les behind the scenes of power, Mr. Carrière said considered that it was necessary to consider sanctions against gangs and those who facilitate their work, those who support them, those who finance them.
With information from La Presse canadienne