Canada will spend on average more than $8,500 per healthy person in 2022

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Canada will spend an average of over $8,500 per person on health care in 2022

The three main categories of expenditure remain hospitals, doctors and drugs.

Health care spending in Canada will reach $331 billion in 2022, but the rise seen since the start of the pandemic is expected to slow markedly this year, says the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI).

< p class="e-p">The country has passed the $300 billion mark spent on health since the start of the pandemic, CIHI reports in a report on national health spending trends.

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If spending growth had reached 13% in 2020 and 2021, including 7 points due to the pandemic, CIHI estimates it would slow to 0 .8% in 2022.

CIHI reports that prior to the pandemic, health spending growth in Canada averaged 4% per year.

Despite a slowdown in 2022, health care spending in Canada continues to be driven up by factors such as aging, population growth and use of health services, says in a press release the director of the Expenditures and Primary Care at CIHI, Ann Chapman. Fiscal pressures related to the pandemic are hampering efforts to restore health systems.

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In 2022, total health spending will represent 12.2% of Canada's gross domestic product (GDP), after peaking at 13.8% in 2020.

In addition, the amount spent on each healthy Canadian continues to grow and now exceeds $8,500. In comparison, in 2019, Canada spent $7,165 per capita, and in 2012, $5,992.

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Only Ontario, Manitoba, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island will spend less per person in 2022 than the national average of $8,563. The northern provinces and territories of the country will spend at least twice as much per person as the Canadian average.

British Columbia will spend about as much on health care per person this year as Quebec. The latter, for its part, will spend significantly more per capita ($8,701) than Ontario ($8,213).

In 2022, Ontario is expected to spend more in total $123 billion in healthcare, 1.6 times more than Quebec ($75 billion) and 2.6 times more than British Columbia ($46 billion).

This year, total health spending will increase in the majority of provinces, with the exception of Quebec, Alberta, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.

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More than half of spending goes to three categories: hospitals, doctors, and drugs.

It is estimated that hospital spending is expected to increase by 5.6% in 2022, in particular with the aim of reducing delays in surgery and to try to stem the crisis in the emergency room.

Since 2010, even though there are more and more older Canadians, the share of health care spending devoted to Canadians aged 65 and over has decreased slightly, from 44.6% to 43.6%.< /p>

Finally, about 4% of health spending ($14.5 billion) is expected to be devoted to measures against COVID-19 (vaccination, treatment, screening ), which is approximately $376 per Canadian. By comparison, Canada spent $29.3 billion responding to the pandemic in 2020 and $32.5 billion in 2021, or about $770 per person.

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In 2021, public drug plan spending reached $16.2 billion, representing 44% of prescription drug spending. This is a 7.4% increase from 2020.

Diabetes and retinal medications contributed the most to this growth, with increases 12% and 6% respectively. Spending on these drugs reached $620 million.

Less than 3% of beneficiaries in Canada received drug reimbursements of $10,000 or more. On the other hand, these reimbursements represent 43% of the expenses of public drug insurance plans.

About one-third of these beneficiaries use at least one high-cost drug (these drugs cost an average of 10,000 $ or more per person per year). Another third submitted claims for 15 or more drug categories.

Spending on catastrophic drugs accounted for about one-third of total public drug plan spending in 2021. These drugs include those for the treatment or management of breast or blood cancer, hepatitis C, autoimmune diseases (eg Crohn's disease) and retinal conditions (eg macular degeneration).

Canada continues to be one of the countries of the OECD that spends the most on health. In 2020, it was fourth in spending per person, behind the United States, Germany and the Netherlands.

On the other hand, when we compares by percentage of GDP spent on health, Canada is second, behind the United States.

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