Chad: violent demonstrations, about fifty dead
There were demonstrations in particular in Moundou, the second city of Chad and the economic capital, located in the south of the country.
Fifty dead, the activities of major opposition political parties suspended and a curfew: demonstrations on Thursday in Chad against the extension of the transition period and the continued power of Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno led to an unleashing of violence for several hours.
Several demonstrations, among the deadliest in the history of Chad, took place in different cities, notably in N' x27;Djamena, the capital and Moundou, the country's second city. They left around 50 dead and more than 300 injured, according to Prime Minister Saleh Kebzabo.
African Union (AU) and European Union (EU) strongly condemned the repression of the demonstrations, the first calling for respect for human lives and property and the second regretting serious violations of the freedoms of expression and demonstration which weaken the ongoing transition process. France, a key N'Djamena ally, has condemned the violence and use of lethal weapons against protesters.
Calls to demonstrate had been made since the beginning of the week, in particular by the opposition platform Wakit Tamma and the Les Transformateurs party, led by Succès Masra, one of the main political opponents of Mr. Déby.
These two parties had boycotted the National Reconciliation Dialogue (DNIS) which had extended the transition to free and democratic elections by two years in early October and endorsed the possibility for Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno to run there, 18 months after #x27;he took power at the head of a military junta.
The Prime Minister announced the suspension of all public activity of political parties and organizations of society civil society, including those of the Transformers parties, the Socialist Party without Borders and Wakit Tamma, a collective of opposition parties and civil society associations. These organizations are suspended for three months specify two decrees.
Contacted by AFP, the leaders of the suspended political parties did not react immediately.
The Prime Minister also announced during a x27;a press conference a curfew from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m., which will last until the full restoration of order in N'Djamena, Moundou, Doba and Koumra.
Early in the morning in N'Djamena and despite the ban on the demonstration by the authorities on Wednesday, the demonstrators attacked public buildings, the governorate, the headquarters of the Prime Minister's party, that of the President of the x27;National Assembly in a climate of insurgency, government spokesman Aziz Mahamat Saleh told AFP.
At midday the government specified that a dozen members of the security forces had been killed in the clashes.
Clouds of black smoke were visible and tear gas shots were regularly heard, while barricades had been erected in several neighborhoods and tires burned on the main roads of the capital, according to AFP journalists. in N'Djamena who saw a brief lull in the early afternoon.
I went out to demonstrate to denounce this facade dialogue to perpetuate a system and demand a change of power. In 31 years, we have not seen any positive change in our country, Abass Mahamat, 35, told AFP.
President of the x27;Union of Journalists of Chad, Abbas Mahmoud Tahir, has called for an investigation to establish responsibility for the death of a young journalist, Narcisse Oredje, whose death was confirmed to AFP by a member of his family.
The young man was hit by a stray bullet in the abdomen in the courtyard of his home in N'Djamena, while not in the line of duty , said the same source. His death sparked numerous messages of solidarity on social networks.
In Moundou, the country's second largest city some 500 kilometers south of the capital, very violent demonstrations began as early as 5 a.m., assured AFP a senior administrative official on condition of anonymity, who said he had recorded significant material damage.
The United Nations deplored the use of lethal force against protesters, adding that the transitional authorities must guarantee security and the protection of human rights. They also called for an investigation.
Lewis Mudge, Central Africa director at Human Rights Watch, called for an impartial investigation after these events to determine accountability and ensure that force should only be used as a last resort.