Climate change could displace 216 million people by 2050
Climate migration affects the poorest countries, with less resilience capacity and that have contributed less to global warming, warns Susana Borràs, professor of International Relations
climate change Could lead 216 million people in sub-Saharan and North Africa, South, East and Central Asia, Latin America, the Pacific and Eastern Europe to move within their countries by 2050 if “urgent measures” are not taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
This phenomenon, known as climate migration occurs to a greater or lesser extent in all parts of the world to the extent that the effects of climate change are global , assures in an interview with EFE the professor of Public International Law and International Relations at the Rovira y Virgili University (URV), in Spain, Susana Borràs.< /p>
However, there are certain countriesthat are in a situation of “high vulnerability and geographic exposure”, especially from the so-called Global South, that is, those “most exposed to suffering the impacts of climate change and the most impoverished, with less resilience capacity and those who have contributed least to generating global warming”, explains Borràs.
Extreme weather events
Borràs, who is also director of the academic project 'Climate Migrations,' points out that the cause of this problem must be sought in those extreme weather events, which They include both sudden impacts (hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons, strong storms, floods…) and those of slow production(increase in temperature, drought, desertification, soil erosion…).
All of these, he declares, cause the progressive disappearance and destruction of It destroys the means of subsistence of millions of people, and compromises their most basic rights: access to drinking water, food, health or housing. In short, he adds, the human right to life, to live in minimally decent and healthy conditions.
World data on the Cross-border travel in the context of disasters is “limited” and only a few notable cases have been examined so far, such as the number of humanitarian visas granted by the United States, Brazil and Argentina for Haitians, he regrets.
On the other hand, there is more information regarding the number of internal displacementsThis is due to disasters linked to climate change, which “number more than twice as many as flee across borders as political refugees,” he underlines.
24,9 million displacements in 2019
Thus, the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center notes that in 2019 about 1,900 disasters generated 24.9 million displacements in 140 countries and territories,the highest number recorded since 2012, which exceeds three times the number of people displaced by conflict and violence, he adds.
“These figures, despite being so eloquent, fail to make visible the evidence global movement of people due to environmental degradation, since they only reflect the internal movements of people due toclimatic causes, which, although they are the most numerous they do not include transnational human movement,” says Borràs.
What should they doWhat are the countries faced with this problem? According to this expert, it is necessary to “make this reality visible and protect it”, a fact that involves “strengthening the policies and legal frameworks focused on a humanitarian perspective > and rights by adopting, for example, a broader interpretation of the refugee status regulated in the Geneva Convention and its Protocols.”
In addition, it continues, it they should regulate theHumanitarian or climatic visas that allow these people to be protected effectively, an action that would have to be accompanied by the application of the guarantee of no return strong> for those who cannot continue to live with dignity in their place of origin because the vital conditions, diminished by the effects of climate change, endanger their lives. n of the Loss and damage, where the problem of climate migration must be worked on, has been systematically blocked or has been reduced to mere dialogue or side events, and the richest and most emitting countries, such as the EU, the United States, Norway and others, systematically refuse to discuss both the financing and the climate displacement issues,” he says.
The “invisible” suffering
Proof of this, he states, is that the COP27 program does not include a thematic session for this phenomenon, which is addressed in a meeting within the financing sessions (November 9) and the day of science and youth and future generation (November 10).
“Without doubt, the suffering of many people is once again made invisiblethat are dispossessed by the climatic violence exerted by many rich countries, that continue to underestimate those that try to survive this era of loss and damage, that is the protagonist of the climatic emergency “, he stresses.
In this context, “there are still states, those enriched at the expense of emissions (the so-called 'carbon majors'), who decide who is saved and protected and who is not,” he concludes.
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