Scientists believe that such microbes can live on Mars, as well as on the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn.
Scientists have discovered microbes, many of which are unknown to science, in the Lost Hammer water source, which comes to the surface from under the permafrost. This source is fed by waters that are at a depth of 600 meters. This water contains practically no oxygen, very salty and cold. Scientists believe that similar microbes that survived in such an extreme place could also live on Mars and on Jupiter's moon Europa and Saturn's moon Enceladus, reports ScienceAlert.
The source of Lost Hammer is located on the island of Axel-Heiberg, which is located in the north of the Canadian Arctic archipelago and this place is considered one of the harshest places on Earth. According to scientists from McGill University, Canada, the water where the microbes were found contains less than one part per million of oxygen, has 24% salinity and a temperature of -5 degrees Celsius.
“It took us several years of hard work to discover active microbial communities in these extreme life conditions,” says Alice Magnuson of McGill University.
As a result of the analysis of microbes, scientists found that many of them belong to known species, but most are unknown to science. These microbes have special characteristics that allow them to survive in such an inhospitable environment.
“These microbes are amazing creatures because, unlike other microorganisms, they don't depend on organic material or oxygen to survive,” says Lyle White of McGill University.
According to scientists , microbes survive and thrive by feeding on and inhaling inorganic compounds such as methane, sulfides, sulfate, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide.
Jupiter's moon Europa and Saturn's moon Enceladus may harbor oceans of cold, low-oxygen salt water, scientists say. The same goes for the saline subsurface lakes of liquid water on Mars, one of which was discovered 4 years ago under the planet's south polar region.
Scientists believe that these extraterrestrial worlds may also be inhabited by similar microbes that are able to adapt to extreme habitats. Now Canadian scientists plan to study these microbial communities in more detail in the laboratory to learn more about how they have adapted to life in such an inhospitable environment. According to scientists, this information can help to better understand the likelihood of such microorganisms appearing on other planets and satellites of the solar system.
Focus already wrote that scientists managed to find the largest in the world a bacterium, the length of which is almost 1 cm.
We also remind you that scientists have discovered in Antarctica under a layer of ice a “hidden world” of marine inhabitants.