Collect steam with a spoon. The problem of shortage of fresh water is proposed to be solved with the help of the ocean
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Researchers have developed a special installation that will help “manage precipitation” and collect fresh water from the surface of the ocean.
Over the past few decades, scientists have been trying in every possible way to solve the problem of global warming and reverse the climate changes that accompany it. Alas, it's not that easy. But it seems that scientists have managed to find a way to solve the problem of fresh water, which in some regions we may soon face, writes Gizmodo.
For their development, a group of scientists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign used the natural process of steam formation above the surface of the ocean. Researchers believe that special installations can be placed in particularly dry areas and thus can solve the problem of lack of fresh water.
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In the study, the scientists analyzed 14 water scarce locations, including the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Lisbon and Portugal and the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Los Angeles. The scientists studied regional humidity data over a 20-year period (from 1990 to 2019) to analyze the water vapor available in different locations.
According to the scientists, locations close to large settlements will be ideal for installations that are near the oceans and face water scarcity. Scientists have found that they are all in the subtropical regions of the northern and southern hemispheres, which are characterized by droughts and semi-droughts.
Scientists believe that their new development will be able to replace expensive and environmentally harmful desalination plants. In fact, the device will be a structure 100 meters high and 210 meters wide and will be located a few kilometers from the coast. These plants will collect water vapor from the surface of the ocean and redirect it through a pipe to land, where it condenses into fresh water and can be used as drinking water.
Most curious is the fact that, in fact, the researchers simply simulate the natural physical process of the hydrological cycle when moisture evaporates from the ocean, then travels inland, cools and condenses, and then falls to the earth's surface in a video of precipitation. However, scientists propose to take this process under control and use it to solve problems with fresh water.
According to Pravin Kumar, executive director of the Prairie Research Institute and research leader, this development is very promising and could really help solve problems in the future. fresh water problem without harming the environment. The main problem with desalination plants today is that at the output we get waste in the form of an ultra-salty liquid filled with chemicals, which, in fact, can be toxic to the environment and animals. That is why the new development of scientists seems to be such an attractive solution.