Contradicts the laws of physics. A stream of matter traveling faster than the speed of light has been discovered
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The substance that was ejected into space as a result of the collision of two neutron stars gained speed several times greater than the speed of light. But there is one caveat.
Astronomers have witnessed a unique event – the collision of two neutron stars, which are very dense cores of very massive stars that once exploded. As a result of this collision, a jet of matter was ejected into space, which, according to the Hubble Space Telescope, moved at a speed of 7 times the speed of light. 200 days after the cataclysmic event, the data showed that this jet slowed down to 4 times the speed of light. But it turned out that this is just an illusion, writes ScienceAlert.
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According to the existing laws of physics, nothing in the Universe can move faster than the speed of light. And what astronomers took to be the superluminal speed of matter in space turned out to be just an illusion based on our angle of view.
Scientists used ground-based telescopes to double-check the data obtained by Hubble and found that no violations of the laws of physics had occurred. Although this stream of matter, which was ejected as a result of the collision of two neutron stars, still moved at an incredibly high speed.
“The study of the movement of the jet of matter showed that this stream moved at a speed that is approximately 99.97 % of the speed of light,” says Wenbin Lu of the University of California at Berkeley.
According to Kunal Muli of the California Institute of Technology, the phenomenon of superluminal speed in such a stream of matter could appear as a result of the fact that when something approaches us at a sufficiently high speed, it is very close to the observatory, that is, to the place of observation. But as such an object gets closer and closer, the distance needed for its light to reach us shrinks.
“We do not take this into account in our daily life, since it seems to us that the light arrives at us instantly. But in this case, the jet of matter flies almost as fast as the light it emits, and the illusion is created that its own light seems to cover great distances, and therefore travels at an impossible speed,” Mouli says.
According to scientists, a lot of additional data is needed to calculate the exact speed of certain objects. In particular, scientists believe that such calculations will become much more accurate thanks to the Webb Space Telescope. After all, he can best observe the collisions of neutron stars at a distance of up to 500 million light-years from us.
Focus already wrote that scientists have found a way to predict the appearance of supernovae. Thus, now it will be possible to observe the explosions of stars in real time.
As for the Webb telescope, Focus already wrote that he was able to photograph the tango of rare stars in the frame there was a touch of light on their dusty skirts.