COP27: countries oppose including the 1.5°C target in the official text | COP27

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COP27: countries object to including 1.5°C target in official text | COP27

US Climate Envoy John Kerry reported on Saturday that a few countries are opposed to be included in the official text of COP27 the global objective to limit global warming to 1.5°C, as provided for in the Paris Agreement in 2015.

Some countries are opposed to the global goal to limit global warming to 1.5°C being included in the official text of the COP27 summit taking place in Egypt, the US special envoy reported on Saturday. for the climate, John Kerry.

There are very few countries, but a few, that have raised the question of not mentioning this or that word, noted Mr. Kerry at a conference, when asked about the opposition of some governments to mentioning the 1.5°C target.

But the fact is that in the Glasgow document that was adopted, the terms are there. And I know […] that Egypt does not intend to be the country that takes a step back from what was achieved in Glasgow, Scotland, where the COP summit was held last year, he added.

Many governments had agreed in 2015, as part of the Paris Agreement, to try to limit the average global temperature increase to 1.5°C, which was a major step forward in the fight against climate change. The Accord aimed to limit global warming to well below 2°C, and if possible 1.5°C, relative to the pre-industrial era.

However, Since this historic agreement, greenhouse gas emissions have continued to rise, and the goal of limiting warming to 1.5°C may not be met without rapid and deep emission reductions .

For its part, Mexico will increase its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions thanks to a $48 billion investment program in renewable energy with the United States, assured the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs on Saturday. foreign, Marcelo Ebrard.

Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard (right) and U.S. Special Envoy for Climate John Kerry (left) made an announcement on the sidelines of COP27 in Egypt. /p>

The Mexican plan adopted in 2020 called for a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 22% by 2030 compared to projections.

But the new program raises that reduction target to 35%, Mr. Ebrard announced at a press conference on the sidelines of COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.

Mexico wants to double its clean energy production thanks to public and private investments.

The program announced by Mr. Ebrard will help accelerate the energy transition in North America, he said, while standing alongside John Kerry. According to the latter, Mexico is taking a big step forward and will receive American financial support, the amount of which has not been specified.

For Mr. Ebrard, it will be necessary to double the clean energy efforts and investments over the next eight years compared to the original plan, but it could create thousands of jobs, he noted.

Mexico's announcement is part of a tripartite negotiation with Canada and the United States, said John Kerry.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency and Mexican energy giant Pemex have also launched a partnership to reduce emissions of methane, which is a powerful greenhouse gas and which is particularly associated with the production of hydrocarbons.

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C is a limit, not a goal, nearly 200 companies demanded on Saturday, led by Ikea, Microsoft, Bayer, EDF, H&M, Nestlé, Unilever and Volvo. And some of these companies are from sectors that have a negative impact on the environment.

We need governments, starting with the world's most advanced economies, to maintain their commitment to limit warming to 1.5°C and act quickly to implement it, they said in a statement. /p>

This is an important initiative that underlines that we must see 1.5°C not as a goal or something vague but as the limit for a livable world, insisted Mary Robinson, the former president of Ireland who leads the Elders, a group founded by Nelson Mandela and which brings together former leaders who work for peace in the world.

The chief executive of climate-focused business coalition We Mean Business, María Mendiluce, said a clear 1.5°C target must be maintained to allow business to navigate . Once you set yourself a budget and a limit, then you can deliver results, she illustrated.

With information from Agence France-Presse, and Reuters

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