Tamara KUKHARENKO, “FACTS”
31 Jul Muslim to start celebrating the Eid al-Fitr (Turk.), or Eid al-Adha (Arab.). Three days following the 31 number, called Al-Tashrik and also considered festive.
This is one of two major Islamic holidays is the final part of the Muslim ritual of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj), which once in your life is bound to make every Muslim.
Eid al-Adha, which translates as “Feast of sacrifice”, is celebrated in the valley of Mina near Mecca via 68 to 70 days after Eid al-Adha (feast day that ends with the office of the Holy for all Muslims month of Ramadan has come this year on may 24), on the 10th day of the 12th month of the Muslim lunar calendar Dhul-Hijjah. According to the canons of Islam, Muslims must perform ritual sacrifices not only in Mecca, but in any place where they are.
The history of the holiday
The basis of the Feast of the sacrifice lay events from the life of prophet Ibrahim (in the biblical tradition it is known under the name Abraham). The prophet Ibrahim was married to a pious woman named Sara, with whom he lived many happy years. But children they had. And Sarah decided to give her husband her maid, in the hope that Allah will grant to him from this woman child. And 86-year-old Ibrahim was born a long-awaited son, who was named Ismail. When the prophet saw a dream in which God told him to sacrifice the most precious thing he has — Ismail. Abraham was a loving father, but the love of Allah and humility before the Creator was paramount to him. When Ibrahim declared the son received from God the commandment, he replied: “my Father do what you commanded God, and I will be patient, if God willing”. Moreover, knowing how hard the father, fulfilling the commandment of God to take the life of their favorite and at the time only child, Ismail the example of his father showed complete obedience: he began to tell his father how faster and easier it is. So both father and son survived sent them a test, he showed his piety, total submission to Allah and did everything to accomplish his will.
At the last moment Abraham heard the voice of an angel telling him that his son was still alive, but instead to sacrifice an animal. And as a victim (Kurban) God gave Abraham the great white sheep, who spent forty years in the pastures of Paradise. This sacrifice was made in the valley of Mina, where he built the city of Mecca. (By the way, according to tradition, Ishmael became the ancestor of the Arabs and the direct ancestor of the Prophet Muhammad. And now Ibrahim and Sarah, despite their very very old age, is born another son, Ishaq.)
Since then, in a sign of submission, worship and full devotion to Allah, Muslims perform the ritual of slaughter of the victim.
What to do and what not to do in the holiday
The night before Eid should be spent in prayer. As has been stated by Prophet Muhammad: “Whoever, bodrstvovanie on the night of Fitr and the night of Eid in the service of the Almighty will not suffer his heart is sorrow, when sadness befall others.”
With the dawn of the Muslims, definitely making ghusl, wearing best clothes and smearing themselves with perfume, go to the mosque for prayer. After the festive prayer, preaching and distributing alms decided to gather together on the streets to sing in unison praises to God (Takbir). Mandatory is a visit to cemeteries to read Koran and prayers for the dead.
After returning from the cemetery, people gather on specially prepared sites, where sacrificed animals are pre-placed on the ground with her head in the direction of Mecca. It is believed that as soon as you splash the blood of a sacrificial animal, the person performing the Eid, will be forgiven all his previous sins.
For sacrificing selected adults (they should be at least six months), healthy, beautiful (without any flaws) specifically fattened for this purpose animals. It can be a sheep or a goat (the sacrifice from one person), and maybe a cow, bull, Buffalo or camel (not more than seven). You can sacrifice one goat or sheep for the whole family — it all depends on the welfare of the people. There is a custom to offer sacrifices for the dead, if they willed to do it. Sacrifice for God’s sake bring on the first day of the holiday, and Al-Tashrik.
According to tradition, the animal’s meat is divided into three parts: one leaving his family, the second to relatives, neighbors and friends, and the third given to the poor and needy. The skins of the sacrificial animals, it is customary to give to the mosque. And the fat and other parts can give, but in any case not to sell. Most importantly, the compulsory charity (zakat), and treat the poor (sadaqa) was given from the heart, for the sake of Allah. It will benefit those in need and will protect the giver from all sorts of troubles and misfortunes. This is evidenced by the words of the Prophet Muhammad, handed over to his wife: “Make Eid and that every Muslim was sent to the chest and face towards the Kaaba, and then the Eid will be rewarded on judgment day. And it should be from the heart — sincerely”.
Blessed and desirable in the days of the holiday are visiting relatives and friends to make them presents, to ask forgiveness for the wrongs inflicted. Children accepted to give sweets, honey. And adults this holiday will very much enjoy as a gift a beautiful edition of the Koran. Available Kurban-Bayram, a large number of greeting cards to congratulate those with whom you cannot meet in person.
Muslims are trying to take home more guests to invite them to the holiday table. Meat of sacrificial animals prepare a special meal. The first day is, as a rule, dishes of the liver and heart, the second soup of sheep’s heads and legs and roast with vegetables, and in the following days making grilled lamb chops, traditional Manty, kebab, lagman and plov. For dessert a selection of sweet pies, cakes and dishes with almonds and raisins.
In Islamic countries Eid al-Adha is always a rest day, and anticipating his working day ends one hour earlier than usual.
Unfortunately, this year believers will be forced to take into account the epidemiological situation in their regions. And many of them because of the coronavirus will have to limit ourselves to online broadcasting the holiday events…