Elections in the US: the future of abortion, at stake
The earthquake that caused the Supreme CourtThe U.S. move this summer to repeal constitutional protections for the right to abortion and return regulation to the states continues to shake. That seismic movement is playing a transcendental role in the legislative elections on November 8, although less decisive than the democrats initially expected. And the future of abortion in the country depends on what happens on Tuesday, especially in the five states with referendumson abortion but also in the elections that renew the entire Lower House and a third of the Senate in Washington.
Since the Supreme Court ruling 14 states have made abortion practically inaccessible abortion and in Georgia has been reduced to a minimum, leaving one in three women between the ages of 15 and 44 without access in those states . In the first 100 days after the decision, 66 clinicsfrom all over the country have been forced to stop carrying out interventions, including 26 that have had to close their doors permanently. And there are stories that show the real impact: from the harassment of the doctor who practiced it. In Ohio, an abortion was given to a 10-year-old girl who had been raped to doctors who are hesitant to end ectopic pregnancies for fear of legal consequencesor hospitals that add lawyers to their ranks to determine if you are pregnant. It is legally justified to carry out interventions in cases in which the life of the mother is in danger.
The mirage of 'roeviembre'
The majority rejection of the population to these vetoes gave in summer a considerable boost to the Democratic Party in the midterm races. Until September, what had been baptized as “roeviembre was expected.”, a pun on the Roe v. Wade who knocked down the Supreme and the month of the legislative. With training focused on making the issue of abortion central in the campaigns of their candidates, and dedicating an investment 20 times greaterr than the one spent on it. In the 2018 legislative elections, there were hopes of maintaining control of both chambers of Congress. But the strategy, which some voices within the party itself warned was wrong, began
In recent weeks, Democrats have had to shift gears to deal with other issues that have proven more important to many voters and are becoming more pressing. n successfully exploiting the republicans, such as inflation, crime or immigration. But despite this setback, abortion remains central. New voter data shows that Since June, more Democrats, more women and more young people have registered. And the surveys also confirm that the defense of the right to abortion is one of the issues that most moves the independents, a key factor when the undecided are increasingly a species in extinction in the polarized US electoral landscape.
The attitude of the RepublicansAddressing abortion in the campaign also shows the awareness among conservatives of the negative impact that their positions, despite unwavering support among their bases, can have on the most important races. s disputed. After primaries where to prevail they defended the most extreme positions regarding abortion, many have been editing or eliminating those references from their web pages or moderating their message. A memorandum sent by the Committee The National Republican encouraged to practically leave abortion aside and concentrate on the rise in prices and violent crime.
However, not everything is lost. Party strategists distributed a guidance document urging Republicans to try to flip the script and define Democrats as “extremists”. And even Herschel Walker, the Republican candidate for the Senate in the determining election in Georgia, has managed not to sink and keep his disputed career on the edge despite being splashed by the scandal after being accused by two women of having paid for abortions.
Washington and the states
Control of Congress in Washington, which the polls place in Republican hands, will have to be controlled. a decisive impact on the future of abortion. President Joe Bidenpromised that his first legislative initiative after the midterms would be to propose regulate federal protection of the right to abortion. The approach always sounded This is an entelechy, especially due to the validity of the filibusterism that requires 60 votes in the Senate, but it moves further away in the face of the advance of the Republicans.
A survey this Thursday gives the Conservatives gave control of the Upper House in addition to the already widely projected control of the Lower House. And if that long-awaited control arrives, the Republicans could revive the bill introduced by the Republicans. Senator Lindsey Graham in September to ban at the federal level the termination of pregnancy after 15 weeks of gestation, which was initially received coldly even among some of his co-religionists.< /p>
At the moment, in any case, the regulation is complete. It is in the hands of the states and that is why this Tuesday the attention turns especially to the five that hold referendums on abortion: Michigan, California, Vermont, Kentucky and Montana.
The one in Michigan is the one considered most transcendental. In the disputed hinge state, Proposal 3 is voted on, which would regulate access to abortion until the fetus is viable and would prevent a 1931 veto from being implanted in the state.that it does not make exceptions in cases of rape or incest or risk to the health of the mother (the only one is if it is proven that the life of the woman is in danger). And not only is it expected to be approved, but it is expected to be approved. boosting the races of Congresswoman Elissa Slotkin and Governor Gretchen Whitmer against their Republican rivals.
The California measures, which would include the protections to abortion in the state constitutionand it would also cover the right to contraceptives, and Vermont, an also progressive state where even the Republican governor supports adding a phrase to the constitution. n local.
Although Republicans suffered a severe setback this summer, when in Kansas citizens of the largely conservative state overwhelmingly rejected in a 59-41% vote a Change in the state constitution that had made it explicit that it does not ensure or protect the right to abortion, now they hope to be able to prevail in Kentucky, which votes on the same change in a referendum. Meanwhile, in Montana, his bet is a measure with complicated language that would criminalize and impose fines of up to 50,000 dollars on doctors who perform abortions on “children. live births”.