Every year 160,000 children are victims of sexual violence. The number is placed by the Independent Commission on Incest and Sexual Violence Against Children (Ciivise) in its report published today. on Friday, November 17. There are therefore 5.4 million adults who grow up having suffered this violence, including 83% women.
The Independent Commission on Incest and Sexual Violence Against Children (Ciivise), created by Emmanuel Macron on January 23, 2021, has been collecting testimonies from victims for three years. In his report, based on based on the analysis of statistical studies and an analysis of 30,000 testimonies, it formulates 82 public policy recommendations to better protect minors against sexual violence.
Among the main recommendations submitted; Secretary of State for Children Charlotte Caubel, some concern the judicial response to sexual violence against minors. When victims are heard and achieve peace file a complaint, in only 19% of cases, the convictions issued by the courts are judged to be "derisory" by the Civic. A large number of convictions are dismissed. without follow-up. Using information from the Ministry of Justice, the report establishes that only 1 in 6 complaints for rape or assault on a minor results in criminal prosecution. a conviction, the rate drops to 1 out of 10 in the case of incest. The problem most often comes from the prescription of the facts.
The importance of imprescriptibility
French justice provides for limitation periods for sexual assault and rape, even when committed against minors. These deadlines are 30 years to 30 years. from the age of majority in cases of rape, from 20 or 10 years for sexual assault depending on whether the victim is a minor over or under 15 years of age.
The Civil Society recommends in its report to "declare rape and sexual assault committed against children imprescriptible". As she explains, victims who speak out about the violence they suffered do so late, and it should be taken into account that the facts often took place during the youth of the child. the victim. The 30 to The 10 years provided for by law therefore appear to be a short period. The report also communicates that the request concerning the abolition of limitation periods is the most formulated by the testimonies (35%).
Still regarding judicial treatment, the Civil Society recommends the creation of the classification of incest among sexual violence and to consider sexual violence committed by the victim's cousins as incestuous. The report also recommends that the management of these files be entrusted to the public. staff (police officers, experts) specially trained in sexual violence.
Consequences that victims carry with them life
The consequences of this violence are numerous and varied and accompany the victims throughout their lives. Psychotraumatic disorders or post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) are the most common, in 89% of cases, according to Ciivise. Victims may also develop eating disorders, addiction problems (alcohol, drugs or medication), physical problems, or resort to alcohol abuse. self-harm (especially in women). Victims often experience a complicated social and emotional life. Trusting others becomes a real test, particularly because the attackers are in 97% of cases adult men (81%) from the family circle and/or friends, neighbors of the family. Careers The professional careers of the victims are also not spared from these traumas experienced since childhood.