European heat waves could kill 90,000 people a year by 2100 | COP27

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Heatwaves in Europe could kill 90 000 people a year by 2100 | COP27

A man tries to cool off on a balcony during a heatwave in London on July 17. More frequent heat waves, an aging population and increased urbanization make Europeans more vulnerable to high temperatures.

If nothing is done to prevent it , 90,000 Europeans could die each year from heat waves by the end of the century, making these heat waves the biggest climate-related health threat, the European Health Agency said on Wednesday. #x27;environment (AEE).

Without adaptation measures, and under a scenario of global warming of 3°C by 2100, 90,000 Europeans could die as a result of heat waves each year, noted the report. x27;AEE.

With a warming of 1.5°C, [the target] of the Paris Agreement, this figure is reduced to 30,000 deaths per year , she points out, based on a study published in 2020.

From 1980 to 2020, some 129,000 Europeans died from heat, according to the study's data, which includes a sharp acceleration in the most recent period.

The combination of more frequent heat waves, an aging population and increased urbanization makes Europeans more vulnerable to high temperatures, especially in the south of the continent, underlined the x27;European agency.

On Monday, the European office of the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that at least 15,000 deaths in Europe were directly linked to severe heat waves during the summer of 2022.


In addition to repeated heat waves, climate change is making the region more and more conducive to the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases.

Certain types of mosquitoes, vectors of the malaria and dengue, stay longer in Europe, notes the EEA. Rising temperatures also favor the proliferation of bacteria in the water, in particular, in the Baltic Sea, Vibrio bacteria, the best known of which is responsible for cholera.

Measures prevention and monitoring should reduce these morbid health consequences.

A wide range of solutions must be implemented, including effective heat action plans, greening cities, designing and constructing appropriate buildings and adapting working hours and working conditions, the report finds that a large proportion of heat-related deaths are preventable in Europe.

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