Pervez Musharraf declared himself Pakistani President in June 2001, but he was forced to resign in August 2008.
Former President Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's last military leader, whom he had made an ally of the United States in the fight against Al-Qaeda, died in Dubai at the age of 79 following a long illness, the army announced on Sunday.
Came to power after a coup in 1999 and remained at the head of Pakistan until 2008, this four-star general proclaimed himself president in June 2001 and therefore held this position at the time of the attacks. of September 11 against the United States.
This cigar smoker and whiskey drinker, initially perceived as a moderate, had established himself as Washington's main regional ally in the fight against Al-Qaeda. He had escaped at least three assassination attempts by this organization.
Pervez Musharraf meeting in 2004 with George W. Bush, US President at the time.
Pakistani President Arif Alvi has prayed for the eternal rest of the soul of the deceased and for the bereaved family to be given the courage to bear this loss, his office said in a statement.
< p class="e-p">Senior military officials express sincere condolences on the death of General Pervez Musharraf, the army press service said. May Allah bless the soul of the deceased and give strength to the bereaved family.
The former head of state, who was forced from power under threat of impeachment, died on Sunday morning, media and a senior security official said. /p>
I can confirm that the late general breathed his last in Dubai this morning… He is no more, the source told AFP. requested anonymity.
During its nine years in power, Pakistan has seen its economic growth take off, its middle class grow, the media liberalize and the army play the appeasement card against rival India.
Under Musharraf, Pakistan's decision to join the "war on terror" proved to be a boon, notes analyst Hasan Askari, citing the influx of international aid the country received as a result.
“He will be remembered as someone who presided over Pakistan at a very critical time. »
— Analyst Hasan Askari
Pervez Musharraf, a former elite commando born in Delhi on August 11, 1943, four years before the partition of India, was army chief of staff when he overthrew the civilian government of Nawaz Sharif in October 1999, without bloodshed.
He proclaimed himself president in June 2001, before winning a controversial referendum in April 2002.
In 2007, however, Mr. Musharraf reached heights of unpopularity after he tried to sack the president of the Supreme Court.
In the aftermath of the assassination of the opposition leader Benazir Bhutto in December 2007, the crushing losses suffered by his allies in the 2008 elections left him isolated.
Under pressure from the judiciary and the victorious coalition at the polls, which had shown itself ready to launch impeachment proceedings against him, he was forced to resign in August 2008.
Protest in support of Pervez Musharraf after his death sentence for high treason in 2019.
In 2013, he interrupted a luxurious voluntary exile to try to return to power, but his candidacy was invalidated and the ballot was won by Nawaz Sharif, the man he had overthrown in 1999.
He had come to Dubai in 2016 for medical treatment related to amyloidosis, a rare pathology affecting vital organs.
En 2019, a special court sentenced Pe Face Musharraf to the death penalty in absentia for high treason, for having declared a state of emergency in 2007. However, his sentence was overturned shortly thereafter.