Scientists have found a protein that is responsible for hair loss and this process can be reversed.
A new study by American scientists made it possible to determine the protein that responsible for the death of hair follicles. Scientists from the University of California at Riverside, USA, believe that the process of hair loss can be reversed and new hair can appear on the head after certain manipulations, according to New Atlas.
In the course of the study, scientists found that a protein called TGF-beta, which is responsible for cell division, growth and death, extends its influence to the cells in the hair follicles. It is now known that this protein plays an important role in wound healing, but it is also used by cancer cells to further spread throughout the body.
According to Qixuan Wang of the University of California at Riverside, this protein can both lead to cell death in hair follicles, but it can also promote their growth and development. Scientists have found that a normal amount of protein allows hair follicle cells to develop and hair grows. But if the amount of TGF-beta protein becomes too high, then this leads to cell death, hair falls out and, accordingly, the person goes bald.
“When a hair follicle dies, then its stem cells remain alive. If you give a signal to these cells to recover, they will begin to divide, new cells will appear and thus a new hair follicle will appear. Our research can help people suffering from baldness, to regain lush hair again,” says Wang.
According to the scientist, stem cells are just waiting to be pushed to develop and awakened from “sleep”. Now the scientists want to continue their research to understand how the TGF-beta protein activates cell division and how it interacts with related genes. Scientists believe that their work can help find new treatments for baldness.
As Focus already wrote, scientists have named the most common cause of baldness. It turns out that extreme heat, humidity and air pollution caused by climate change can lead to hair loss on the head.
Focus also wrote that an American company has already patented a new technology that will allow people restore hair growth on the head. This technology is also associated with the use of stem cells.