As scientists found out, the head belonged to a woman. Due to the rough food she ate during her lifetime, her teeth were worn away. As for her brain, it was removed, but the language was preserved in a remarkable state.
An interesting incident occurred the other day in the British county of Kent. A man found a mummy's head in the attic of his deceased brother's house. Having discovered the artifact, he was very surprised and immediately handed over the head to scientists at Canterbury Museums and Galleries, Express writes.
According to expert analysis, the head, which is at least 2,000 years old, was brought from Egypt to Great Britain as a souvenir in the 19th century. At some point, she was placed under a glass jar and sent to the attic until she was found again.
Now, researchers from Canterbury Christ Church University, Kent and Oxford Universities are busy restoring the history of the mummy and how they hopefully over the original human face.
Initial x-rays of the mummy's head showed that it belonged to an adult woman, experts said. In subsequent scans, the scientists used computed tomography (CT) to get a more detailed picture of what was going on inside the head.
He showed that the woman's brain had been removed, her teeth worn out due to coarse food, but her tongue was preserved in remarkable condition. In addition, the team found tubes both in the mummy's left nostril and in the spinal canal, although it is not clear what they are made of or whether they are of ancient or later origin.
“In Victorian times, such objects were brought from Egypt as souvenirs and may well have been passed down from generation to generation. Scanning provides a huge amount of information – from the state of teeth, pathologies, preservation methods, and also helps us estimate age and gender, “said archaeologist James Elliot of Canterbury Christ Church University.< /p>
Specialists plan to use the scan data to create a three-dimensional copy of the head and possible face reconstruction to allow for a more thorough study of it without revealing the actual artifact.“Since 3500 BC, mummification has been seen as a way to protect the spirit on its journey to the afterlife. Mummification was a common practice in ancient Egypt for both commoners and royalty, albeit with different the level of complexity and accompanying richness of the afterlife inventory,” the scientists noted.
Ironically, the ancient Egyptians believed that a person's mind was in his heart, and cared little about the brain.
” Through our careful research, we hope to better understand the person to whom the head belonged and about provide proper care for his remains,” the scientists concluded.