“Hell's bells”: the researchers found out the origin of the mysterious underwater formations in Mexico (photo)
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It took scientists a decade to figure out why the strange formations appeared underwater. It turned out that unusual “bells” are formed by bacteria that harden in limestone.
Recently released images show divers exploring underwater formations in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. Scientists have nicknamed them “hell bells” and it took a decade to identify the bacteria that caused them. This is reported by The Mirror.
For the study, divers had to dive under water to a depth of more than 60 meters.
One of the photos shows a series of underwater domes resembling bells inside a dark cave.
Formations in the underwater deepening of Zapote, which is located off the Mexican coast, are called “Hell's Bells”. And in recent years have become very popular among tourists and locals.
Another picture shows a beam of light in the deepening of the seabed, which is about 70 meters long. Light penetrates into the hydrogen sulfate cloud that forms at depth, so flickering beams of light are visible.
Underwater pictures were taken by diving instructor Alessandro Usai. He calls this place mystical and frightening.
“The bell-shaped stalactites adorn the walls. However, exactly how they grew remained a mystery until recently,” the researcher explained.
These formations are called biothemes. They are formed by bacteria that harden in limestone. It took scientists years to figure out exactly how they grow.
An underground water reservoir containing strange rock formations is located along the Route de Los in the jungle of the Yucatán Peninsula. There are many underwater openings that extend from the main route.
It is difficult for divers to swim in these underwater depressions and shoot in them.
Alessandro Usai, who has been exploring this area for the past five years , explained that the hydrosulfate cloud is dense and resembles a cotton mattress.