August 3, 2022, 14:09 | Medicine
Dysmorphophobia has certain symptoms.
Excessive preoccupation with one's own appearance, constant dissatisfaction with one's self, fixation on imagined flaws – these symptoms are signs of a disorder called dysmorphophobia. The danger of this syndrome should not be underestimated – if the problem is ignored, the situation can worsen and lead to large-scale and destructive consequences for the mental health of the individual. We understand why the disorder appears, how to recognize it and, most importantly, how to overcome it, informs Ukr.Media.
Reasons for the development of dysmorphophobia< /p>
Both men and women can suffer from dysmorphophobia – in the presence of the disorder, representatives of both sexes have a manic desire to improve their appearance by any available methods, and acceptance of themselves and their uniqueness does not happen in principle. At the same time, the reasons for the appearance and development of the disorder can be very different: hereditary and biological factors, rejection and rejection of the child by parents, a difficult adolescent period, prolonged emotional pressure, bullying, traumatic experiences, problems in relationships.
It is noteworthy that many people do not consider dysmorphophobia to be a serious disease and ignore both the causes of its appearance and its signs, which can ultimately lead to an increase in the pathological condition and the development of accompanying disorders. A complex approach is necessary for the treatment of the syndrome, which includes work with a specialist (it is important to focus not only on the existing manifestations, but also on the possible causes of the disease), independent practices, as well as the support of loved ones, which will help mitigate the negative aspects of the disorder.< /p>
Symptoms of dysmorphophobia
It is necessary to understand that only a specialist can make an accurate diagnosis, but there are a number of signs that may indicate the presence disorder (you should pay special attention to the problem if you have several symptoms at once). Markers of dysmorphophobia syndrome include the following:
- Excessive preoccupation with one's body; compulsive actions related to certain parts of the body.
- Distorted perception of reality and increased attention to imaginary flaws.
- Excessive fascination with diets, cosmetology and plastic surgery (while the result is never does not satisfy).
- Eating disorders (bulimia, anorexia, etc.).
- Hypochondriac and depressive moods against the background of dissatisfaction with appearance, depression and despair, appearance of suicidal thoughts.
- Reluctance to be in public places with a large crowd of people; alienation from society.
- Excessive criticism of oneself and one's body.
- Habit to regularly look in the mirror; reluctance to be photographed.
- Concentration of attention on a certain part of the body, its regular discussion.
- Requests to evaluate the appearance, addressed to friends and relatives.
- Complete or partial ignoring of other areas life.
- Constant comparison of oneself with others.
What can be done?
The syndrome of dysmorphophobia is caused by low self-esteem and the presence of negative experiences related to external self-presentation — the root of the problem, as mentioned earlier, must be solved together with a specialist, but independent work on yourself is also important. To help yourself get rid of obsessive thoughts, try to fix your attention on your merits – look for what makes you different from others (for the better), praise yourself more often, focus on what you like about yourself. You should also not forget about such a simple tool as humor – the ability to laugh kindly at yourself and the situation will help reduce the degree of tension and distract you from negative thoughts.
In addition, in such a situation it will be useful to model the behavior and the self-perception of a person who, despite the presence of external flaws, was able to achieve success and accept himself – understanding that you are not alone (within a specific problem) can provide resources to move forward.