Hurricane Fiona tops Canada's top 10 weather events of the year

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Hurricane Fiona tops the top 10 weather events of the year in Canada

Port aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador, on September 24, 2022 after the passage of the Hurricane Fiona.

If the year 2021 has been considered “the most destructive, costly and deadliest year in weather history of Canada”, things have partially calmed down in 2022.

“Partially” because the country has still faced extreme and unprecedented weather events over the past 12 months.

Environment and Climate Change Canada on Wednesday unveiled its list of 10 most significant weather events in Canada in 2022.

The ranking is based on a number of factors, including the impact they had on Canadians, the size of the area affected, their economic impact and the length of their media coverage.

“In weather, the exceptional has become the ordinary. Conversely, the ordinary we expect is no longer regular. The climate seems to have gone wild and it is only getting worse.

— Chantal McCartin, Physical Scientist, Environment and Climate Change Canada

No region of the country has been spared, whether due to record cold or hot temperatures, floods, drought and wildfires, or tornadoes and post-tropical storms which have caused hundreds of millions of dollars in property damage.

Although 2022 was not as devastating as the year before, Chantal McCartin, a physical scientist with Environment Canada, points out that Canadians still froze, were buried, soaked, blown, suffocated and were frightened by the jolts of Mother Nature through more than 300 listed climatic events.

In January, the Atlantic provinces experienced three consecutive storms (on file).

2022 has started with a bang in the Atlantic. The first three weekends of the year were marked by snowstorms in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island.

Blizzards, snowfalls up to 45 centimeters and extreme temperatures hit all four provinces.

Mist caused by intense cold on the St. Lawrence River ( archives).

The 2021-2022 holiday season was particularly cold in part of Canada: -22 degrees Celsius in Calgary, Alberta, -38.2 in Regina, Saskatchewan ), -55 in northern Ontario with wind chill…

An extremely cold air mass from Siberia has broken many records in these regions, including parts of British Columbia.

A car got stuck in flooding in the area of ​​the Acadie interchange, in Montreal, on June 16, 2022.

< p class="e-p">Torrential rains poured over Montreal in September. 80 to 100 mm of rain, equivalent to a month's worth of precipitation in two hours, overwhelmed the sewer system, leading to flooding, road closures and infiltrating the metro.

A storm brews over a prairie field, with a thunderstorm, Alberta, in the summer of 2022.

Grapefruit-sized hailstones, high winds, thunderstorms, tornadoes , torrential rains, high heat… Nothing was spared in Alberta and Saskatchewan throughout the month of July.

Houses were destroyed and residents were deprived electricity.

The report shows a hailstone weighing a record 290 grams, more than 25 maximum temperature records shattered and damage for more than $250 million.

At the Sajan Mandai farm in Abbotsford, cold weather delayed the schedule of certain crops, including blueberries, strawberries and raspberries.

British Columbia experienced 13% above average snowfall in the spring of 2022. April and May were colder than normal. Heavy snowfall led to flooding as the ice melted.

May was particularly hard on British Columbians, when only 3% of the snow cover had melted .

Smoke plumes from the Battleship Mountain wildfire about 50 km from Hudson's Hope, British Columbia on September 11, 2022.

The wildfire season was twice as destructive as usual in Newfoundland and Labrador. Temperatures 2 to 3 degrees above normal and precipitation up to 70% below normal plunged the province into the most devastating season in 60 years. Nearly 24,000 hectares of forest went up in smoke during the summer.

On the west coast, British Columbia was not spared either. In September, wildfires raged in several areas of the province. The Battleship Mountain fire was the most devastating. It ravaged nearly 28,000 hectares alone. By September, 1,500 fires had been recorded by the province.

British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan have experienced very hot summers for two years (archives).

For the second year in a row, British Columbia was hit by multiple heat waves, the first of which began in June. At the end of July, the province's coroners office estimated that 16 deaths could be attributed to the last heat wave.

In 2021, the heat dome that s fell on British Columbia claimed the lives of nearly 600 people.

It was the third hottest summer in that province, lasting until 'in October. In the west of the province, more than 500 temperature records were recorded in 70 days. In the east, more than 200 new heat marks were noted in October and November.

A car stuck in frozen water in a completely flooded park in Transcona, Winnipeg , April 25, 2022.

Manitoba was particularly affected by several episodes of intense rain in the spring linked to depressions coming from Colorado. Rain and snowfall records were recorded.

The heavy rainfall caused unprecedented flooding, particularly in the south of the province.

Evacuations had to be ordered to protect the population. The province received more than 2,000 applications for financial assistance after these spring floods.

A resident of Hammond, in the Municipality of Clarence-Rockland, cleans up the mess caused by the storm on May 26, 2022. The storm hit parts of Ontario and Quebec on May 21.

The derecho, this little-known phenomenon in Canada, hit southern Ontario and western Quebec last May. The storm of high winds coupled with thunderstorms affected 15 million people and claimed 10 lives. It caused a billion in damages and the bill continues to grow.

Winds from a tornado detected in Uxbridge, near Toronto, reached 195 km/h .

Around 1.1 million homes lost power. It took two weeks to connect everyone to the electricity grid.

Insurers have received more than one million claims, with a value exceeding $1 billion.

Damage caused by Hurricane Fiona photographed in the vicinity of New London, Prince Edward Island on October 6, 2022.

Storm Fiona swept through the Atlantic Provinces on September 24 killing three people, causing extensive damage, uprooting thousands of trees and damaging homes in Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador.

More than 150 millimeters of rain, powerful Category 2 hurricane force winds (165 km/h) and Storm surges reaching more than 2 meters in places hit the Maritimes hard.

Hundreds of thousands of residents were without power, sometimes for several weeks, especially in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia.

After the passage of storm, more than 90% of Maritime Electric's customers had no power on the island, and approximately 80% of Nova Scotia Power's customers experienced the same situation.

It is considered by the Insurance Bureau of Canada to be the costliest storm in the Atlantic with $660 million in insurable damage.

According to Chantal McCartin, physical scientist at Environment and Climate Change Canada, events like Fiona, exceptional today, could well be called normal in a few decades.

The warming of the oceans advocate the appearance of more powerful and more frequent hurricanes, she analyzes.

With information from La < em>Press Canadian

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