Trouble in experiencing another default by Argentina, came from not waiting. New banknote of 5000 pesos ($73,5) presented by the National Bank, immortalized doctor, the first Minister of health Dr Ramon Carrillo. The local branch of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the Zionist organization of Argentina, the Holocaust Museum and the Israeli Ambassador immediately accused the founding father of the public health system to be sympathetic to the Nazis. The umbrella Association of the Delegación de Asociaciones Israelitas Argentinas declined to comment, and their compatriots from other enterprises — Llamamiento Judio Argentino even defended Dr. Carrillo.
Who is he, the man, split the largest Jewish community in Latin America?
According to “Hadashot”, in 1929, Ramon Carrillo as the best student graduated with the gold medal of the medical faculty of the University of Buenos Aires. Two years training in the field of neurosurgery in Europe, working in clinics in Amsterdam, Paris and Berlin.
In 1937, a young doctor fell ill and was rescued by a colleague — a Jew from Odessa Solomon Chichelnitsky, immigrated to Argentina in the early XX century. Doctor and patient have become close friends and colleagues, as Carrillo Minister Chichelnitsky occupied the post of General Director of the National service expansion of hospitals.
Sam Carrillo was appointed at the end of the 1930s the head of the Department of neurosurgery at Central military hospital, and in 1942, at the age of 36 years he headed the Department of neurosurgery at the Medical school of the University of Buenos Aires.
Working in a military hospital he meets an interesting patient — a Colonel Juan Perón, who in 1946 is elected President of Argentina. The head of state appointed Ramona the Secretary of state for health and 11 March 1949 the doctor takes the oath as the first health Minister of the country.
The Minister of health Ramon Carrillo (right) with President Peron and Eva Peron. Photo: La Voz
His tenure was marked with unprecedented achievements of the Minister increased the number of hospital beds 66 300 in 1946 to 132 000 in 1954, two years have virtually eliminated malaria, typhus and syphilis, built 234 free, public hospitals, almost four times reduced mortality from tuberculosis and half — child mortality.
Dr. Carrillo is rightly considered the architect of the modern health system of Argentina, his name was given to many hospitals and medical institutions.
With regard to the alleged “anti-Semitism” Minister, you should refer to the opinion of the famous Israeli historian, Vice-President of tel Aviv University, a specialist on the history of Argentina, former President of the Latin American Association of Jewish studies Dr. Raanan of the Rhine.
In the early 1930s, says Raine, a young Argentine doctor visited Germany, remaining under the strong impression from the speeches of the leader of the Nazi party. But the same impression they made then millions of people in the free world, still not knowing the consequences of national socialism. Even Winston Churchill, in 1935 (!) year touted in his article “the courage, tenacity and energy” of the Fuhrer. Unlikely on this basis it is possible to classify the British Prime Minister to be supporters of Hitler.
A commemorative plaque from the Minister of health of Israel Yosef Serleena
About against Carrillo to the Jews shows not only many years of friendship with Solomon Chichelnitsky, but the gift presented colleague the Minister of health of Israel Joseph Zerlina in 1954. A photo of this commemorative plaque put up in his Twitter grandson Carrillo with a note: “I would really like to hear what you have to say about it.”
With all this, in the biography of the neurosurgeon is an episode which cast a shadow on his work. After the war, he contributed to the entry into Argentina of an SS officer of Danish origin, Karl Peter Wearne who experimented with hormones in Buchenwald, trying to “cure” prisoners of the patients from homosexuality. As a result of these inhuman experiments died 13 prisoners, that did not prevent the doctor-Nazis to continue his career in Argentina, where he died in 1965, without being brought to justice.
This story, as well as the interest Carrillo fashionable in the early twentieth century eugenics certainly not doing him any justice. Therefore, the Wiesenthal Center, and other critics of the design of the new banknotes (including the ambassadors of Israel and the UK) have the right to indignation.
Strange only that the charges Carrillo was sympathetic to fascism emerged only now, given that his name is immortalized in the names of many hospitals and the year 2006 was generally proclaimed by the government as the “year of ramón Carrillo”. The contribution of this who lived only 50 years, and died in poverty of a person in the creation of the national health system cannot be overemphasized, and an attempt to hang on it a label “fascist” looks at least strange. It is understood in the Jewish community of Argentina, therefore no unity in condemnation of the National Bank of the question.