Other finds include layers of clay shards, sarcophagi, a number of altars, sphinx-shaped statues and a piece of granite from the reign of King Pepi I.< /p>
Archaeologists working in Cairo have unearthed rare artifacts related to the reign of King Cheops (also Khufu), the Egyptian pharaoh responsible for building the Great Pyramid of Giza, Express writes.
The finds included several granite blocks, which researchers determined dated back to the reign of King Khufu in 2589-2566 BC, the first half of the Old Kingdom period. As archaeologists explained, this discovery is very important, because for the first time artifacts from the time of Cheops were found in Heliopolis.
As experts suggested, the discovered blocks were either part of an unknown building, or were transported to Heliopolis from the area of the Giza pyramids for ” processing” into a new building during the time of the Ramesses, towards the end of the second millennium BC
Cheops, who is also known as Khufu, was the second pharaoh of the IV dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Although it is generally accepted that he was responsible for the creation of the Great Pyramid of Giza, much of the history of his reign remains shrouded in mystery today.
Many of his other buildings have been lost, and the only surviving complete image of the pharaoh is an 8 cm ivory figurine found in a much later temple at Abydos in 1903. Everything else that is known about Khufu comes from inscriptions in his Giza necropolis and documents compiled after his reign.
During the archaeological excavations, the team also unearthed the foundations of a New Kingdom temple courtyard and traces of activities of the early history of the Heliopolis area.
“The mission found evidence of early use of the area based on archaeological layers dating back to Negada III,” the scientists said.
Negada III, also known as the Semainian culture, was the last phase of the Necadian period of the prehistoric era of Egypt, which lasted from about 3200-3000 BC. BC
In addition, archaeologists have found the base of the statue of King Ahmose II, layers of clay shards that indicated religious and ritual activity in the third millennium BC. and a piece of granite from the reign of King Pepi I, which dates back to around 2280 BC. Remarkably, it has an inscription depicting Horus, the god of the sky and the sun in the form of a falcon. This pharaoh was the last great king of Egypt, who reigned from 570-526 BC, before the Persian conquest.
Among other finds, it is worth noting several late period offerings, including sarcophagi, a number of altars, the presence of statues in the form of a sphinx, which indicates the presence of royalty in the temple, a quartz sculpture in the form of a sphinx of King Amenhotep II, as well as the base of a huge statue of pink granite.