In which cases it is desirable to brake the engine, and how to act in an extreme situation – tips for beginners


February 15, 2021, 18:23 | Auto

How to brake correctly.

In what cases it is desirable to brake the engine and how to act in an extreme situation – tips for beginners

Many people mistakenly think that in order to brake, that is, to reduce the speed of the car, it is enough just to press the brake pedal. In some situations on the road, such straightforward logic does not work, informs Ukr.Media.

Conditionally stopping a car can be done in several ways, which are used depending on one or another situation:

  1. classic braking (brake pedal),
  2. braking with the handbrake (in case of failure of the main system),
  3. engine braking (the most effective way of braking on snow and ice),
  4. < li>deliberately running into an obstacle (the most radical way to stop a car, used to instantly stop an uncontrolled car).

The variety of ways to stop a car does not allow an unambiguous answer to the question of how to properly brake a car. In the end, the method of braking is always chosen by the driver based on the specific features of the road situation.

How to brake correctly with mechanics

Improper use of the foot brake can also be dangerous. When pressing the pedal sharply, the weight of the car is redistributed to the front axle, and the rear wheels are unloaded, and their grip on the road surface deteriorates.

The front wheels can switch to "used" and braking will not give the effect expected by the driver. The car can completely go out of control and start moving in an arbitrary direction. To prevent such dangerous situations, you need to press the brake pedal not with a sharp and long press, but with a short repetition of pressing and releasing the pedal, controlling the direction of the car and preventing the wheels from locking. , that before the very end of braking, you need to squeeze the clutch so that the car does not stall.

How to brake correctly on an automatic machine

There are no special tricks in the process of braking on an automatic transmission. Since there is no need to switch gears, it will be much easier for a novice driver. To brake on an automatic, you just need to slowly press and release the brake pedal until the car comes to a complete stop. Just like in a car with a manual transmission, it is not recommended to sharply press the brake pedal unnecessarily.

Emergency braking

Whether on the mechanics or on the automatic, emergency braking always stands a little apart. This is due to both the features of its application and the complexity of implementation.

ABS and braking assistance systems

In order to understand how to brake better, you need to know whether your car has an ABS system or other auxiliary braking systems. We advise you to go to a deserted parking lot in advance and try how this or that system behaves, so that it does not become a surprise for you on the road. For example, many novice drivers "crunch" ABS is perceived as a malfunction of the braking system.

You cannot steer and brake at the same time

By remembering this simple rule, you will be able to maintain control over your car even in the most extreme situations. If you brake and need to change course, release the brake and then turn the steering wheel.

Ice and Icy Braking

Braking during heavy snowfall and ice is quite conditional. During the first trip in such weather, you will understand that you need to forget about the brake pedal in its classical sense. To brake in slippery weather on ice and snow porridge, you need not to accelerate and use engine braking.

Yes, even a braking system with ABS will not stop the car in time. Yes, after the ABS is activated, the car will not be moved to the side, but it will drag it a few more meters by inertia on snow porridge or ice. That is why you should not rely on third-party systems, but keep your distance.

Failure of brakes and intentional collision

The saddest case of emergency braking is brake failure. Unfortunately, you cannot prepare for this or feel something in advance. Despite this, the driver should know what to do if the brake pedal does not work.

  • turn on the hazard warning lights and honk so that people and cars can get out of your way;
  • >

  • use the handbrake, but only gradually to avoid skidding (the electronic handbrake can also be used while driving);
  • if there is space and time, brake the engine;
  • if nothing helped, look for soft but massive obstacles: bushes, a pile of snow, a mountain of sand.


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