First international evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of gum diseases, which affect 50% of all adults, published July 28 in the Journal of clinical Periodontology (Journal of Clinical Periodontology), official journal of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP).
Periodontitis, commonly called gum disease, affects about half of adults. Severe periodontitis is the sixth most common disease in the world. The disease causes inflammation of the gums, which become red, swollen and may bleed while brushing your teeth — it is an immune reaction to the bacteria that accumulate on the teeth. If left untreated, the inflammation extends to the ligament and bone that support the teeth, causing loosening and loss of teeth.
What can you do to prevent gum disease:
- Thoroughly brush your teeth more than once a day using a manual or electric toothbrush.
- Between your teeth daily use of an interdental brush (or flossing, if the gaps are too narrow).
- Special mouthwash or toothpastes can be used on top of cleaning, to reduce the inflammation.
- Do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, exercise, remove stress.
- If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels.
Professor (Ian Chapple) Iain Chapple, chair, Guideline Chair, said:
“Periodontitis caused by a buildup of bacteria in the mouth that causes the destructive immune response but not protective, and destroys the teeth supporting bone and bacteria. The reaction is partly inherited genetically, but to a large extent caused by Smoking and the consumption of refined sugars, bad habits of hygiene of the oral cavity”.