According to the coalition agreement, in this case, Naftali Bennett will leave the post of prime minister, and the government will be governed by Foreign Minister Yair Lapid until a new one is sworn in.
Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Foreign Minister Yair Lapid have decided to dissolve the Knesset (Israel's legislature – ed.) and call new elections in the country. In addition, Yair Lapid will become the new prime minister temporarily. The Times of Israel writes about this.
It is reported that the coalition will present a bill on the voluntary dissolution of the 24th convocation of the Israeli Knesset and the appointment of new elections next week. Following the dissolution of the Knesset, Yair Lapid will become interim prime minister until a new government is sworn in. This is spelled out in the coalition agreement.
The publication notes that given the legal and holiday restrictions, elections are expected at the end of October. According to journalists, the most likely date for the elections is October 25, 2022.
Note that the last elections to the Israeli parliament took place on March 23, 2021. They were the fourth special elections to the Knesset in the last two years.