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Israeli-Hamas War: Gaza Faced with a lack of fuel, a dreaded "immediate risk of starvation" /></p>
<p>Faced with a lack of fuel, hospitals are closing one after the other. turn their doors. It is also the desalination of water to make it drinkable, as well as the sanitation of wastewater, communications and the delivery of food which are affected by this lack of fuel, leading in particular to fears of a famine. </p>
<p>More than a month after the start of the war between Israel and Hamas, the lack of fuel in the Palestinian enclave is being felt. The consequences for civilians are significant. In addition to hospitals which are slowing down, most of which have completely closed their doors, communications have “completely” been disrupted. Summer cut off Thursday at Gaza, lack of fuel, according to the UN. Because despite While sending fuel, its use for communications is not authorized by the Israeli army.</p>
<p>Likewise, the head of the UN for Palestinian refugees, Philippe Lazzarini, warned on X (ex-Twitter) on Wednesday that by the end of the day ;e, "around 70% of Gaza's population" was no longer going to have "access to" 'drinking water'. Thursday evening, the UN relayed that wastewater now flows directly into the streets of Rafah, due to lack of fuel, once again, for the sanitation pumps. As recalled U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Martin Griffith told Thursday that fuel is “the driving force behind so many aspects of humanitarian recovery.” humanitarian response to Gaza. And to list: "The engine of desalination of water to make it drinkable, electricity and electricity. for emergency communications, hospitals to care for premature babies, humanitarian aid trucks."</p>
<p>The humanitarian situation in Gaza is currently "on the verge of collapse", said Wednesday, November 15, the head of the UN for Palestinian refugees, Philippe Lazzarini, while more than 1 .5 million Palestinians out of the 2.3 million in the enclave were killed. displaced. In the North as in the South, refugees lack water, food and medicine. The aid brought by humanitarian convoys from the Rafah border post is not enough, even if it enters at the border crossing. present more easily in the territory. This November 16, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) drew attention to the alarm bells ring about an "immediate risk of famine" in the Gaza Strip. Faced with the dire lack of food and drinking water, "there is no way to meet current food needs with a single operational border crossing point," in a press release the WFP. The only solution to remedy the problem is to open another passage to allow the arrival of humanitarian aid and, once again, deliver more fuel. "If trucks arrived from Egypt and were able to unload their cargo at Gaza Tuesday, food did not reach civilians in shelters in Gaza cause of the quantity “insufficient fuel available for distribution vehicles”, thus pointed out that the UN agency.</p>
<h2>Only one of the 24 hospitals in the northern Gaza Strip remains “operational”</h2>
<p>The concern was palpable this Thursday, November 16, as the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) now relayed more than just one of the 24 The hospitals in the north of the Palestinian enclave, Al-Ahli Hospital, was still<em> </em>"operational" and "admitting patients". However, the establishment looks more like a restaurant. "a simple aid station" that'à “a real hospital,” lamented one of the establishment’s surgeons on X (formerly Twitter). "Thousands of injured people have no access to care," he was alarmed, estimating that "many of them will die from [their] injuries, if not #39;is most. Earlier today, the situation seemed to have deteriorated further for this hospital. The Palestinian Red Crescent notably reported a "violent attack" Israeli tanks on the Al-Ahli hospital, as well as its headquarters. And the Red Crescent specifies: "The rescue teams are unable to move and therefore to reach the injured."</p>
<p>In its report, the UN states that “18 hospitals have been destroyed.” closed and evacuated since the start of hostilities, including three – Al-Nasr, Al-Rantissi and Al-Quds – these last three days. The Indonesian hospital also failed. stop operating on Thursday, its director informed Al-Jazeera, while around fifty patients requiring urgent surgery were waiting at the airport. reception. In addition to the Al-Ahli hospital, five establishments would still operate in a “very limited” manner, but would no longer welcome new patients, according to the ;UN.</p>
<p>For its part, the Al-Shifa hospital was destroyed. victim of a real Israeli raid on the night of Tuesday November 14 to Wednesday November 15, the Tsahal being convinced that the establishment housed a Hamas military base. "They destroyed the radiology department and bombed the hospital. the severe burns and dialysis department,<em> </em>deplored this Thursday the Ministry of Health Hamas, pointing out the absence of drinking water and electricity. "Thousands of women, children, sick and wounded are in danger of death," he added.</p>
<h2>A raid justified in the hospital?</h2>
<p>The raid by the Israeli army on the Al-Shifa hospital in Gaza “horrified” the UN. IDF soldiers and tanks entered the area. à Inside the medical facility on the night of November 14-15, "in a specific area of ​​the hospital" to carry out a "precise and targeted" against Hamas, according to the army spokesperson. Which ensured that there was "no will" cause civilian casualties.</p>
<p>On Wednesday evening, the IDF held out; let it be known that his raid had carried out its fruits, claiming to have found "munitions, weapons and military equipment" who allegedly belong to Hamas inside Al-Shifa Hospital, "proof [that it] was used for military and terrorist purposes contrary to international law. An announcement to which the Ministry of Health of Gaza, hatted by Hamas, did not fail to to react. According to him, the IDF "did"not find  neither weapons nor equipment" military in the hospital establishment. "We do not rule out that the [Israeli] army contributed to the attack. “he placed weapons and placed them”, for his part declared a Hamas leader echoed by Al-Jazeera.</p>
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יחידת שלדג ויחידות מיוחדות נוספות בפיקוד אוגדה 36, ממשיכות לפעול באופן ממוקד במרחב בית החולים שיפאא' בו הן סורקות אחר תשתיות ואמצעי טרור של ארגון הטרור חמאס >> pic.twitter.com/dTu2yrPsRp

— דובר צה״ל דניאל הגרי – Daniel Hagari (@IDFSpokesperson) November 15, 2023

The IDF maintains that Hamas uses the medical complex as a military base or “logistical and operational headquarters.” by using civilians as a "human shield". Statements which serve as arguments to justify his attack. À Note that in the past, the misappropriated use of medical infrastructure by the Palestinian Islamist group has already been a problem. Summer reported by Amnesty International, notably in a 2015 document. Hamas denies all accusations from the Israeli army, denies the existence of a center of #39;military operation in the hospital and accuses the Jewish state of attacking civilians.

The use of drones denounced by Gazans

The attack on the Al-Shifa hospital, contrary to international law which requires the sparing of civilian and medical structures, is difficult to carry out. to defend, even for Israel's allies. The United States, which also believes that Hamas uses the Al-Shifa hospital as a military base, assures that they "have not not given green light for operations around Al-Shifa hospital" and that they have "always been" very clear […] on the importance of minimizing civilian casualties. These statements by the spokesperson for the Security Council National security allows the United States to clear itself without really condemning the Israeli attack. On the side Frenchman, Emmanuel Macron said he condemned “with the greatest firmness” the bombing of civilian infrastructure, including the hospital, during a trip to Switzerland Wednesday. Earlier, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs had reminded us of the situation. the rules of international law and estimated that the Palestinian population did not have “to pay for Hamas' crimes.

Furthermore, the battles fought, which have nothing conventional, also integrate weapons up to that point. not deployed this level of intensity. Several witnesses and corroborating sources indicate on social networks that they have seen drones flying at high speed. low altitude and capable of firing at low altitudes. live bullets. Doctors at Al-Ahli Arabi Hospital claim to have “treated” more than twenty patients hit in the torso or neck by Israeli quadcopter drones flying at high speed low altitude".

The UN, which is outraged by the situation, denounces again a "carnage" after the attack on Al-Shifa hospital, but others are more virulent about it. with regard to Israel. The Palestinian Foreign Ministry speaks of “actions that [blatantly violate] international law.” And Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who broke all contact with the Israeli Prime Minister, even qualified Israel as a "terrorist state" after the raid on the hospital. On Thursday, the head of European diplomacy called on him to the Jewish state “not to let itself be consumed by rage”, during its visit to a kibbutz targeted during the Hamas attack on October 7 last.

The release of hostages in negotiations

The fate of the hostages held by Hamas remains at the heart of discussions. Israel has also mentioned the possible presence of hostages in the basements of Al-Shifa hospital. "We have certain elements but I cannot verify them. veer" said the French-speaking IDF spokesperson, Olivier Rafowicz, on the set of BFMTV, November 15. "clues" of the passage of hostages through the basements of another hospital in the Gaza Strip have already been investigated. Summer mentioned by the IDF in a video published on November 14 on X (former Twitter). Hamas denounced a "bad staging".

Negotiations are still underway, but an agreement is slow. come. Tuesday, November 14 in the evening, the families of the hostages demanded à what the Israeli power "approves an agreement [in] the evening" same. "We know that a decision can be made this evening," in a press release while they have started a five-day march between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem to put pressure on the leaders.

Families of hostages urge Israeli government 'not to block deal' while the Jewish State was destroyed. accused to "procrastinate" “Israel "claimed" the release of 100 hostages, we informed mediation that we could release the hostages if we obtained a five-day truce (i.e. a ceasefire and the passage of aid to all “our people everywhere in the Gaza Strip), but the enemy is procrastinating,” said Hamas. the spokesperson for the Hamas brigades, Abou Obeida. Other conditions would be mentioned in the discussions, notably the release of around ten hostages in exchange for that of "200 children and 75 women" incarcerated by Israel.

The Israeli Prime Minister, however, indicated in an interview given to the NBC on the night of November 12 to 13 that there "could be" an agreement on the release of the hostages. The head of government, however, refused to give the details, believing that “the less [he] talks about it, the more [he] increases[ a] the chances of this coming to fruition. The Israeli military estimates that 239 people have been held by Hamas since the October 7 attack.

On November 16, the Israeli army announced that it would having discovered the body of one of the Hamas hostages in proximity from Al-Shifa Hospital, targeted at by an IDF raid the day before. That same day, the Israeli army assured having discovered "images relating to the hostages" on computers at Al-Shifa hospital. At the same time, the Thai government affirmed that having received reassuring news from Hamas regarding its 25 hostages. “Except”, however, they can only be released if a ceasefire is declared.

The results of the war

The toll of the war taking place across the country Gaza is difficult to get to Since the figures provided by Hamas cannot be independently verified and therefore distinguished from propaganda. According to the latest assessment from the Ministry of Health; Hamas press release Wednesday, November 15, 11,500 people were visited. killed in the Gaza Strip, including more than 4,710 children, since the start of the conflict on October 7. The Palestinian movement also reported more than 29,800 injured, specifying that dozens of bodies currently litter the streets of the north of the Gaza Strip and could not, according to it, not be recovered nor recorded by the emergency services, they being targeted by the Israeli army when they try to approach them. ;Questioned on this assessment, the spokesperson for the Pentagon admitted that, concerning civilian victims at agrave; Gaza, “you have to count in thousands.”

On the side Israeli, the results of the Hamas attack of October 7 were on the other hand reviewed again the drop, Friday November 10, going from 1,400 to 1,200 dead. According to the spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, after identification of the bodies, it appears that many of them belonged to Hamas men. Before that, the Israeli army had also specified that 46 soldiers had died since the attack on October 7, according to its latest report.

Among the victims, we must also count the hostages held by Hamas and whose The number would be between 200 and 250. There are 239 according to the Israeli army. According to an estimate by Times of Israel, around 180 hostages are being held by Hamas, 40 by Palestinian Islamic Jihad and around twenty by several local organizations.

Forty French people dead in Israelë l

Forty French people were killed in Israel during Hamas attacks on October 7, according to the report communicated by the Prime Minister, Élisabeth Borne, Monday November 6. It also has eight missing nationals. "It is now confirmed “that some of them are hostages of Hamas,” Hamas said. the government on November 6.

Paris ensures that it will do everything possible to save the hostages and repatriate nationals who wish to do so. The Quai d'Orsay announced on November 14 that in total, 112 French people were able to be there. so far evacuated from the Gaza Strip. "This assessment marks the end of a first phase of our evacuation operations, which allowed almost all of them of our compatriots wishing to leave Gaza to do so,” said the ministry spokesperson in a press release, specifying that these people had been able to be evacuated via the post-border from Rafah which leads to Egypt.

THE Context

The war between Israel and Hamas began on October 7, 2023 with a surprise and massive strike launched by the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas on the Jewish state. Many fighters carried out incursions near the Gaza Strip border while airstrikes were carried out. launched. These attacks terrorist character gave place at scenes of horror and massacres in several Jewish kibbutzim in Israel.

Israel ordered responded in the hours following the attack before imposing the siege of Gaza on Monday, October 9. The same day, the Israeli army announced that it would having regained control of the border with the Gaza Strip. Since then, she has launched a ground attack on Palestinian territory.

Teilor Stone

By Teilor Stone

Teilor Stone has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining Thesaxon , Teilor Stone worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my teilor@nizhtimes.com 1-800-268-7116