Israel signs maritime border agreement with Lebanon

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Israël signs the agreement on its maritime border with Lebanon

The agreement is of a “technical” nature and does not end the state of war that has technically existed between Lebanon and Israel since 1948.

The Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid on Thursday signed the maritime border agreement with Lebanon, which he said constitutes de facto “recognition” of the Jewish state by Beirut.

By late morning, the Israeli government had given the final green light to the deal at a special cabinet meeting, said Lapid's office, which later released a video of the prime minister. signing the text in front of a blue and white Israeli flag.

This is a political achievement. It's not every day that an enemy state recognizes the State of Israel in a written agreement, and in front of the entire international community, Lapid said .

The agreement is purely technical and has no political dimension, retorted Lebanese President Michel Aoun on Twitter, Lebanon and Israel having been in a state of war since the creation of the Jewish state in 1948.

The two countries have no agreement on their land border. The UN drew a blue line after the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Lebanon in 2000, serving as a border, but the course of which is the subject of divergences.

Israeli opposition leader Binyamin Netanyahu, campaigning against Mr. Lapid for the November 1 legislative elections, slammed the maritime border agreement with Lebanon and said he had to do the same. x27;subject to a vote by Parliament, or even a referendum.

In the process, various right-wing organizations had filed four appeals to the Supreme Court against the agreement, arguing in particular that it should receive the support of Parliament at a time when the Lapid government lost its majority, which incidentally catalyzed the holding of the elections.

On Sunday, the highest court in Israel rejected these appeals, thus meaning that the ;deal only needed the go-ahead from the government.

Under the agreement negotiated by the United States with the support of France, the Karish maritime gas field lies entirely in Israeli waters, in the eastern Mediterranean.

Lebanon, for its part, will have all the rights to explore and exploit the Cana field, located further to the northeast, part of which is in Israeli territorial waters . But Israel will be paid by the firm operating Cana for its rights to any deposits, according to the text.

Even before the signing of the agreement by the two countries , the energy group Energean launched, on Wednesday, production at the Karish field with the project to quickly increase annual production there to 6.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, then eventually to 8 billion cubic meters .

According to the Israeli authorities, this gas will make it possible to reduce the country's energy cost, but also to boost exports to Europe, which is seeking to diversify its supplies due to the invasion of Ukraine by Russia.

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