Italy votes, the far right sees itself in power
At only 45 years old, Giorgia Meloni , the leader of the post-fascist Fratelli d'Italia party is favored to head a coalition government in which the far right would largely dominate the mainstream right.
More than 50 million Italians are called to the polls on Sunday to elect their parliament where, barring any surprises, the far right is expected to enter in force and propose the prime minister who will succeed Mario Draghi.
I play to win, not to participate, Anti-Immigrant League leader Matteo Salvini told reporters on his way to vote, seeing his party on the podium: first, second, at worst third in the outcome of the ballot.
I look forward to returning from tomorrow to the government of this extraordinary country, added Mr. Salvini who was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior in the first government of Giuseppe Conte (2018-2019).
The President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella and Enrico Letta, leader of the Democratic Party (PD, center left) also voted in the morning.
At just 45 years old, Giorgia Meloni, leader of the post-fascist Fratelli d'Italia party, credited with almost a quarter of the vote in the latest polls, is favorite to lead a government coalition in which the far right largely dominates the classical right.
Matteo Salvini, the leader of the Italian party right-wing Lega (League).
An earthquake on the scale of Italy, founding country of the European Community and third economy of the euro zone, but also of the European Union (EU), which should deal with this ideologue close to Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
In Europe, they are all worried to see Meloni in government […] The party is over, Italy is about to begin to defend its national interests, she warned during her campaign.
This ex-admirer of Mussolini, whose motto is God, fatherland, family, succeeded in demonizing her party and catalyzing on her behalf the discontent and frustrations of her compatriots by camping in the opposition while all the other parties supported the national unity government of Mario Draghi.
But the mass is not said: unpredictable, the elections are played on emotion and at the last moment, recalls Emiliana De Blasio, professor of sociology at the Luiss University of Rome, while emphasizing the key role of the undecided, estimated at around 20%, and the importance of the final rate of participation.
The scores of the 5 Star Movement (M5S, ex-antisystem), credited with having instituted a minimum income for the poorest, and the PD, well established locally, could hold surprises, especially in the south of the country. /p>
The rise of the far right to power worries Europe.
Whatever government emerges from the elections, which will not take office until the end of October, its path already appears to be strewn with pitfalls.
He will have to manage the crisis caused by soaring prices as Italy is crippled by debt representing 150% of GDP, the highest ratio in the euro zone behind Greece. In this context, the windfall of the European post-pandemic recovery plan, of which Italy is by far the main beneficiary, will be essential to keep the peninsula afloat.
L& Italy cannot afford to deprive itself of these sums of money, observes historian Marc Lazar, therefore judging Meloni's room for maneuver on the economy to be very limited. On the other hand, it could scrap against Brussels alongside Warsaw and Budapest on questions of defending the national interest against European interests.
Like the French Marine Le Pen, Giorgia Meloni has finally given up on leaving the euro, but she is calling for a revision of the rules of the Stability Pact, suspended due to the health crisis, which set a ceiling of 3% of GDP for the deficit and 60% for the debt.
Tested by inflation, the Italians expect a lot from the future Prime Minister, who must manage not only an economic crisis, but also a social crisis.
On social issues, this Romaine pur jus is ultra-conservative: Yes to the natural family, no to the LGBT lobby! Yes to gender identity, no to gender ideology! Yes to the culture of life, no to the abyss of death!, proclaimed in June the one who also promises to fight against the Islamization of Europe.
His coming to power would also result in the padlocking of the country, where tens of thousands of migrants disembark each year, a prospect that worries NGOs rescuing boats fleeing poverty in Africa.
< p class="e-p">While Italy's government instability is legendary, experts already agree on the short life expectancy of this coalition where Mrs Meloni will have a lot to do to manage its cumbersome allies, be it the indestructible Silvio Berlusconi or Matteo Salvini.