Understand the difference between a migraine headache.
Despite the fact that migraine affects about 15% of people worldwide, many of those who are faced with this painful condition, hear from others “it’s okay, just take the pill”. Neurologist Nortonstowe Institute of neurology (Norton Neuroscience Institute) Brian Plateau ( Brian M. Plato) gave answers to the most common questions asked by his patients with mireno.
How to distinguish a migraine from a regular headache?
Migraine is accompanied by headache attacks that last from 4 to 72 hours. Typically, pain is localized in one part of the head, and often throbbing. Migraine significantly reduces physical activity, in this state, the person all of us want to lie down in a dark and quiet place. Most often this condition starts with two phases, which is a precursor to a migraine:
Prodromal phase, occurring hours or days before the migraine. Accompanied by irritability, depressed mood, fatigue, tendency to overeat. Brian Plato notes that prodromal symptoms appear not all — about 30% of patients.
Phase aura, coming directly before the migraine. This phase is manifested in the visual and sensory disorders. The patient begins to see the bright lights, colored lines, sometimes temporary loss of vision. Sensory aura is expressed by numbness and tingling in different parts of the body. This phase is experiencing a 20% to 25% of patients.
What causes a migraine?
It is considered that the brain of a person prone to this condition, are more sensitive to stimulation. Migraine can also be caused by genetic predisposition and to be the result of head injuries and infectious diseases such as meningitis.
Migraine triggers are numerous and, as a rule, migraine is not a specific trigger, and a complex menstruation, eating certain foods, lack of sleep, stress, etc.
Is it dangerous?
Migraine can damage the brain cells and increase the risk of stroke, but, according to Dr. Plateau, this rarely happens. More often it happens that episodic migraine attacks remain untreated, and this can cause chronic condition which is much harder to treat and reduces the quality of life of the patient.
Chronic process called allodynia, gradually makes nerve cells more excitable. This leads to the fact that hypersensitive nerves begin reacting to any stimulus, even light touch to the skin. To get rid of this condition, the patient begins to take more drugs that further aggravate a chronic condition. Therefore, it is important to seek the assistance of your doctor to not only treat migraines, but to keep her under control.
When I need to call an ambulance for migraine?
Emergency medical care for migraine is required, if this condition reaches maximum intensity within a minute — such a headache is called thunder because it is very similar to a huge thunder. Immediately contact a doctor is worth in the case of migraine there are neurological symptoms such as severe fatigue, numbness of limbs, inability to speak.
“I usually advise people with migraine contact your doctor at any time if the current treatment does not cause relief of the condition,” says Brian of the Plateau.
The doctor also recommends a very serious look to his condition, even if others shamed him for his weakness and say something like “suck it up”. Migraine patients often try to self-treat, because faced with serious stigmatization from society.
“Your migraine is real. Your pain is real. Risks to aggravate the condition too real, remember this. But the good news is that you have a chance to recover. Please don’t wait until it is too late.”