July 1 – Yarylin Day: history, traditions and signs of the holiday

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July 1, 2022, 06:05 | Culture

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July 1 &mdash ; Yarylin day: history, traditions and signs of the holiday

One of the three pagan holidays called Yarylin day, dedicated to the Slavic deity of spring and fertility Yaryla, is celebrated on July 1, Ukr.Media informs.

Slavic sun deity

Yaryla (Yarylo, Yaromyr) in Slavic mythology was always depicted as a young man, because he was the personification of spring, energy, unbridled passion. Symbolizes the warm, spring sun, protects in love and carnal pleasures, protects people with pure thoughts, good and truthful. He does not like liars and unfaithful people and punishes them with a bad harvest, diseases and problems in the house.

In the view of people, Yarylo rides across the sky on a white horse. He holds a rod in one hand, and an ear of rye in the other. He will wave the rye – ears of bread, and with a stick – rain will fall on the ground. And where it stops, the grass-ants will spread like a carpet. For this, the people loved Yaryl and eagerly awaited his appearance from the dark winter veil of Mara, prayed to him and asked for a good harvest, love and a strong family union. That is why Yaryl's Day was celebrated repeatedly: on March 1, April 22-23, and July 1, honors were paid on the day of the spring solstice and on Shrovetide. it was worn on the body as a charm).

Traditions and rituals

The holiday is rich in traditions and rituals. Summer Yarylo (according to the old style it was June 18) was called the peak of summer. This day was not dedicated to field work, but to fun and honoring the sun god, they conducted conspiracies for prosperity, love spells, and the well-being of livestock. The girls were fortune-telling for grooms, and the sorcerers went to the wilderness at dawn to “listen for treasures”. They made mattresses from freshly cut grass – it was believed that sleeping on it all summer meant being healthy all year round. They washed themselves with dew, soaked sheets in it and wrapped themselves, because the water drops were healing.

In some areas, the custom of going to the graves of relatives, setting tables there, and leaving treats is still preserved. In order to see the dead in the afterlife, at noon they went to the shore of a pond where a birch tree grew, braided its branches into braids and looked through them into the water. If, after returning, they found everything drunk and eaten, they rejoiced, because this promises well-being in the house.

Young people went around the yards to honor the newlyweds. They sang songs, wished them love, happiness, and the birth of children. In return, the young couple gave the guests a treat.

A bright, cheerful tradition was folk festivities with songs, dances, games, and fairs. The girls prepared their best outfits in advance. People brought snacks, gingerbread, pies with them. Boys and girls looked for a couple for themselves. On this day, it was allowed to hug and kiss alone, but at the same time, free relationships did not go beyond the bounds of decency.

They chose a man who portrayed Yaryl, put on a bright dress with tambourines, decorated him with ribbons, blushed his cheeks, blackened his eyebrows, and on his head flaunted a paper cap with a sultan made of feathers. Children with drums led the procession. People gathered around – dances began, games ended in fist fights. In the evening, they jumped over the bonfire.

There was another interesting rite related to fertility: they chose a boy (sometimes a girl), put a wreath of flowers on his head, put him on a white horse, put a bundle in his hands ears of corn The animal, with “Yarila'' sitting on it, was driven across the fields. Sometimes, for the sake of a joke, the role of a horse was played by two young men covered with a blanket.

Omens

  • The week following a bright day will be hot.
  • If the lower horn of the moon is like a hook in the sky, dry days will come.
  • Abundant dew for a rich harvest of millet.
  • In the lowlands, it falls from morning fog – to good weather.

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