July 13, 2022, 06:06 | Culture
Today you can't go to bed from dawn to sunset, otherwise you will sleep your happiness and luck with it.
Often the basis for holidays in Russia was not only pre-Christian cultural customs, but also traditional Orthodox commemorative days pantheon of saints Without losing their religious essence, they acquired the significance of national events, forming a new cultural identity of the people, informs Ukr.Media.
One of the important such holidays can be called the “Day of the 12 Apostles”. It is celebrated annually on July 13 and was dedicated to the memory of a dozen personal disciples of Christ.
Apostles were called the first 12 disciples of Christ, who believed in the new faith and devoted their whole lives to the enlightenment of humanity through the spread of bright ideas and covenants of Christianity.
The life of the apostles could not be called calm and prosperous: they were always on the road without staying anywhere for a long time, they were constantly subjected to all kinds of mockery and torment, and in the vast majority of cases, like the teacher, they accepted a cruel death at the hands of bloodthirsty pagans.
The names of the apostles of Christ were: Peter, Andrew, Matthew, Jacob Alpheev, Simon (Paul) the Zealot, Jacob Zavedeev, Bartholomew, Thaddeus (Judas Jacob), John, Philip and Thomas.
This list does not include Judas from Cariot, who betrayed Christ for 30 pieces of silver (whose place was taken by the Savior by the Apostle Matthew). Although not only Judas betrayed Christ: the apostle Peter also publicly denied the teacher three times (both of them later sincerely repented).
But Peter denied Christ in a fit of fear for his own life and was able to repent to Christ personally before the crucifixion. sacrifice and receive forgiveness from it. Judas deliberately sold the Son of God to be executed, for which he later hanged himself on a tree under the burden of moral torment.
Folk traditions and rites
< p>On July 13, Russia celebrated the middle of summer — the peak. People put on bright, fancy clothes and went to haymaking early in the morning. After work, a variety of festive festivities were organized with a feast until the very morning.
At around midnight, the youth made a straw effigy on a stick, symbolizing the final departure of spring, and dressed it in festive clothes with ribbons and a large red necklace and carried him through the streets of his native village. The process was accompanied by songs, dances, and cheerful chants. When the procession went around all the streets, effigies were thrown into the river or burned.
It was also customary to boil and dye a dozen eggs on the Twelve Apostles. They were considered a festive treat and were heard among neighbors and children.
In churches at this time, they put a dozen memorial candles and prayed for the well-being of relatives and friends.
On this day, it was not possible to kip&# 39; fetch water, sweep the threshold and wash the dishes. It was believed that in this way an evil force would be attracted to the house.
On this day, no one locked any door after noon and until the very morning, and theft against the Twelve Apostles was considered a dozen times more serious sin.< /p>
Beliefs and omens
- Abundant dew fell in the morning – it will be sunny all day until sunset and hot There is little dew – it will start to rain before noon;
- The more the cuckoo forges in the forest – the longer the warm days will last;
- Sheep run and bleat in the meadow – until the rain;
- A dog howls in the morning and a rooster crows loudly – a thunderstorm will begin in a few hours.
< li>Clouds hang low and motionless in the sky – there will be heavy rain in the evening;