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JULY 14. The famous parade military event which commemorates the history of July 14 will not take place this year on the Champs-Elysées due to the Paris Olympic Games. We tell you everything about the process. of the ceremony.

It's a must for July 14th. The big parade military which is usually held on the most beautiful avenue in the world in Paris and which traditionally begins the festivities of this day of national celebration n&# It will not take place this year on the Champs-Elysées, but on Avenue Foch due to the Paris 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games. & quot;The ceremony will begin on Place Charles-de-Gaulle, before taking Avenue Foch for a parade. “shorter by a third,” explains General Christophe Abad, military governor of Paris. "The separation of the units in front of the presidential stand will take place in a much narrower space than that offered at Place de la Concorde (.. .) In fact, the 2024 vintage should be characterized by a closeness, an intimacy unprecedented with the public, which will give it a particular dimension.

If the number of scrollers at feet is reduced to 4,000 and the scrolling is reduced to 4,000 feet. motorized canceled, the plane and helicopter parades will indeed take place as usual. For this edition, a dual theme is announced: "Olympism and the armies" on the one hand and the 80 years of the Liberation of France on the other. Discover the process below. of the parade military hour by hour.

  • 10 a.m.: arrival of the President of the Republic Emmanuel Marcon on avenue de Friedland.
  • 10:10 a.m.: honors paid to the President of the Republic at the bottom of the avenue Foch.
  • 10h16: initial animation on the theme of 80 years of the Landings, of the Liberation of France and Victory.
  • 10:32 : scrollé helicopters and planes.
  • 10:36 : scrollé troops à honor, followed by the parade troops à foot.
  • 11h17 : paradeé planes.
  • 11h23 : scroll   &agrav; horse.
  • 11h25 : final animation on the theme "The armies and the& #39;Olympism".
  • 11h41 : departure of the President of the Republic Emmanuel Marcon.

After July 14, 1880, the parade continued. military becomes an institution. On July 14, 1919, Marshals Foch, Joffre and P&etain paraded through the streets. horseback on the Champs-Elysées – even passing under the Arc de Triomphe – to celebrate the victory in the First World War acquired a few months earlier. It's & this moment than the traditional paradeé du 14July takes up residence on the most famous avenue in Paris. After an eclipse during the Second World War, the parade continued. of July 14 takes its current appearance with the multiplication of tanks and planes. Some presidents of the Republic, however, bring short-lived innovations.

During his mandate, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing moved the paradeé in other arteries of Paris, such as the Cours de Vincennes, the Ecole Militaire or between Bastille and République à Bastille. In 1982, François Mitterrand postponed the fashion show. &agrav; after dark. The ceremonial is perfectly oiled. The parade rehearsals usually take place on July 12 at dawn, two days before the key date. It opens with the passage of planes and helicopters. In all, around 4,000 soldiers paraded on the Champs-Elysées in Paris. a rhythm of 120 steps per minute. Students from prestigious schools like Saint-Cyr appear in full uniform. The march is traditionally closed by units of the Foreign Legion, famous for their voluminous beards and their step slower.

For almost a century, the commemoration of July 14 was abandoned. It reappeared in 1880, under the Third Republic. The regime, in order to consolidate itself, sought to build a new national imagination, around republican symbols. This is how the Marseillaise became the official anthem and July 14 a national holiday. But the proposal, which came from the deputy of the Seine Benjamin Raspail, is not unanimously welcomed by the Assembly. Some deputies question the violence of July 14, 1789. And it is finally around July 14, 1790 that the consensus is made!

This year, we also inaugurated the monument surmounted by of the statue on the Place de la Republique, and everywhere there are concerts and fireworks. "The July Column" which overlooks the Place de la Bastille, does not refer to July 14, 1789. It bears the name of the victims of the revolutionary days of July 1830 , the "Three Glorious".

July 14, 1789 is on everyone's mind when we talk about the National Day. there, a great agitation reigns. Paris. Faced with popular discontent, the king brought together the Estates General, an assembly of representatives of the nobility, the clergy and the general public. and the third estate. The latter demanded a profound reform of the institutions and, on July 9, proclaimed themselves a National Constituent Assembly. The initiative worried the king who come in secret from Swiss and German regiments to proximity of Versailles. Rumor soon spread that the royal troops were preparing to attack. enter Paris to arrest the deputies. On July 12, a speaker harangues the crowd whom he calls to his attention. react: it’s Camille Desmoulins, Mont's on a barrel, which announces a "Saint Barth&eac;lemy des patriotes".

On the morning of July 14, angry Parisians went to look for weapons at Les Invalides, then headed towards the old royal fortress of the Bastille, in search of powder. On a day of bloody shooting, and thanks to the rallying of national guards, the Parisians seized it and began its demolition. In the end, they only released a few prisoners and minor thugs. But this old medieval prison embodies the arbitrariness of the Ancien Régime. By tearing it down, the Parisians are bringing down a rampart of absolutism. And this day, which marks the beginning of the Revolution, will be remembered as a day of freedom.

But surprise: our national holiday does not directly commemorate July 14, 1789, even if this first revolutionary day has a symbolic significance. July 14 officially refers to another event, less known, although learned by all French students from their youngest Age: the celebration of the Federation, organized a year later, on July 14, 1790…< /p>

After the summer 1789, everywhere in the French provinces, "férations" regional national guards. A reaction to this the weakening of central power. In order to control this spontaneous movement, the Paris Commune, under the leadership of Lafayette, decided to found a large national federation bringing together representatives of local federations and bring them together Paris on July 14. The ceremony is supposed to celebrate the storming of the Bastille, one year after this symbolic date, but also to bring a semblance of # 39;order and unity in a country in crisis.

On the appointed day, 14,000 federated soldiers arrived at the city. Paris and parade under the banner of their department, from the Bastille to the Champ-de-Mars. For the occasion, a high mass is celebrated, following which King Louis XVI swears to maintain "the Constitution decided by the National Assembly". The 400,000 Parisians present that day at the event acclaim their sovereign: the monarchy is therefore not called into question. The aspiration & the national union triumphs and the ceremony transforms into a great popular festival. But national reconciliation will be short-lived. Two years later, the king was arrested. and condemned &agrav; dead.

July 14, 2024: the traditional parade changes its program due to the Olympics

Engraving of the statue erected at Place de la Republique in Paris. Paris in 1883.  © Patrick Guenette/123RF

A decree of July 6, 1880 established a parade. military that we still know today. This event must then erase the memory of the military defeat suffered during the war of 1870, the loss of Alsace and part of Lorraine for the benefit of the German Empire, and fortify the Republic which is not yet ten years old. The first edition of the parade military takes place à the Longchamp racecourse, where he will remain until 1914. The parade will last until 1914. of July 14 will then continue and become an essential part of the national holiday.

But the law of 1880 also establishes July 14 as a public holiday. The idea is then to give the French a day off from work to take part in the commemorations, but also to listen to their speeches. ;eacute;resident. From July 14, 1880, at 12:30 p.m., the cannons of Mont-Valien thundered above the Seine before disappearing. silence for a speech by the President of the Republic, Jules Gr&eac;vy. Le Petit journal was ecstatic before a "magnificent spectacle […] that the July sun illuminated with its most radiant light", éevoking " a living symbol of union between these two forces separated for too long, the army and the nation. The popular newspaper continues: "À the deep, indescribable emotion which held for twenty minutes, a hundred thousand panting chests, we can affirm that for this crowd which pressed around the massed regiments, the The handing over of the flags took on its true meaning: the reconstitution of France, the reconstitution of its national army, finally asserting itself in its own right. the face of the country.

Over the years, July 14 has experienced many twists and turns, but also developments that have transformed it into a popular event. nbsp;a general or even global celebration, involving all French people in more festive and popular celebrations. ;In 1886, a woman, cantini of the 131st infantry regiment, marched for the first time. In 1915, the parade took place. The military moved from the Champs-de-Mars to the Champs-Elysées and in 1919, the "paradeé of victory" brings together all the forces of the allied countries on site.

In 1936, the unions joined, à their way, à the party. After the parade military, a million people parade through the call of the trade union organizations. From 1939  à 1945, in occupied Paris, the day was not celebrated. On July 14, 1940, à London, General de Gaulle reiterates his calls for peace the resistance. But in July 1945, we celebrated the Liberation everywhere in France. Every year since, on the 14th  July is the opportunity to set off fireworks and organize popular balls… Throughout France, events are organized ;s July 14 or the evening before.

The origin of the July 14 balls, and in particular the famous firefighters' ball, is also uncertain. For many, this tradition dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and is said to have been born from the frustration of firefighters at not being able to participate in firefights. this great celebration. Some were in fact responsible for marching with the soldiers while others had to remain on alert to prevent incidents and fires, common, as we know, when Fireworks are set off. On an indefinite July 14, firefighters would have invited people to join them. passers-by &agrav; dance à the entrance to their barracks. Each year, this meeting has grown in size. and installed up to 'à that the firefighters' associations organize their own ball, on July 13 or 14. For others, it is the date of July 14, 1937, which marks the start of the firefighters' balls. À Paris, à Montmartre, a sergeant named Cournet would have decided to one day he also opened the doors of his barracks, giving birth to a big party, reports Lib&eac;ration which investigated on this tradition in 2014. This version of the story is notably reproduced on the website of the Paris firefighters.

Teilor Stone

By Teilor Stone

Teilor Stone has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining Thesaxon , Teilor Stone worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my teilor@nizhtimes.com 1-800-268-7116