July 21 – Summer Kazan: history, traditions and customs of the holiday


July 21, 2022, 06:00 | Culture

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July 21 — Summer Kazan: history, traditions and customs of the holiday

On July 21, the church honors the appearance of the image of the Mother of God in Kazan and the memory of two religious figures at once – Procopius of Caesarea, the great Palestinian martyr, and the soothsayer of the same name from Ustyug. Among the people, the celebration was called Summer Kazan or Procopius Day – synonymous with the names of honored elders, informs Ukr.Media.

History of the lives of saints

< p>According to legends, the appearance of the image of the Holy Virgin dates back to 1579. Then there was a large-scale fire that affected more than half of the Kazan Kremlin building. Muslims believed that in this way God was angry with Christians for impure actions. Immediately after the event, the city began to be rebuilt from the remaining ruins. A local shooter was engaged in the construction of a new house nearby. Once in a dream, the Madonna appeared to his daughter and indicated where her icon was hidden during the rule of Muhammad's followers. No one believed the girl who conveyed the Saint's speeches. Only for the third time, the mother followed her daughter and found a cypress board with a face written on it. The ruler Ivan the Terrible issued a decree to build a church in honor of the found icon. There they also organized a women's convent community, the first of the sisters in which the nine-year-old Matron herself became.

Revered on this day, Procopius of Caesarea, known in the world as Neanius, lived in the 3rd-4th century in Jerusalem. He was born in the family of a noble Christian and a pagan. At a young age, Neani lost his father, so he was brought up and educated by his mother; she sent him to serve in the ranks of Diocletian's army. During the times of persecution, the young man persecuted and punished Orthodox believers by order of the ruler. One day, Christ came to him, guiding him to the true path. The mother, who learned about this, hurried to the emperor and revealed the truth about Procopius to Diocletian. The newly converted Christian was tortured with physical torture, and then taken into custody in a dungeon. Many times he was brought to court and forced to deny Jesus, but Neanius steadfastly endured all the torture. Maddened by anger, Diocletian ordered to cut off the righteous man's head. At nightfall, his brothers in faith buried the remains of the murdered man with honors and prayers.

Procopius the Fool lived in the 13th and 14th centuries; his exact name has not yet been established. According to the writings, he came to Novgorod from his native Lübeck in the north of Germany. The man, brought up in luxury and affluence since childhood, was pleasantly impressed by the magnificence of the architecture of Novgorod churches and the sincere faith of the common people. Procopius decided to stay in the city and convert to Orthodoxy. He distributed all the goods he had to the poor, and at the direction of the people, he went to the Khutyn monastery. Here he met his future mentor Varlaam Prokshinych. Having learned the truth of the belief, the Lübeck merchant went to Veliky Ustyug, where he was ridiculed for his homeless appearance and lack of robes. He wandered the streets for a long time, praising the Lord, and finally stopped near the Assumption of the Virgin Mary church. There was a seller of the alms of the parishioners, who slept on the steps of the church, incessantly begging for the health of the townspeople. For renouncing worldly goods, the old man was awarded the gift of foresight, however, he showed it to few people and increasingly presented himself as blessed. In the last decade of his life, he predicted a strong storm with a tornado, but none of the townspeople believed his words. When a natural disaster struck Ustyug, residents flocked to the sanctuary, on the porch of which Prokopius tirelessly prayed. The Lord saw the beggar and had mercy on sinful people. After his death, the seer was counted among the church saints.

Customs of the celebration in Russia

On Summer Kazanskaya, they began to gather rye – the first the compressed sheaf was called birthday, and the grains from it had healing properties. From this tradition, the day was nicknamed “Zazhynki”. Before the start of the process, spells passed down from generation to generation were uttered, and only then did work begin. They worked tirelessly; they sat down to rest only by squeezing the "babka" – nine sheaves.

In some regions, it was forbidden to work during the celebration, as it was considered a great national feast of the throne. During this period, mass festivities were held, which lasted for several days.


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